Source: News Bharati English16 Jan 2015 15:30:31
The Eternal Reality or Truth has a very beautiful name transcending all sects, religions, peoples, castes, languages and countries. All prefer to call them by that name—“Uparwala”. You ask anyone from any community or religion from where he has come and to where he would go. The true answer to this comes like “I owe my life to that Eternal Superior Power and I will merge with Thee”. That is to say that the eternal reality is the Only One and we all belong to that Eternal reality. Let us understand this truth and try to establish it.
The Supreme Being has so many names in all languages and dialects. HE is known as God, Allah, Khuda, Tarak, Vahe Guru, Ishwara, Parmatma, Bhagvan, Rab, etc. This truth is also told by all that this Supreme Reality resides in each one and every being owes its existence to that. That is why in spite of our different identities owing to our countries, languages, castes; civilizations, cultures and traditions, we all owe our existence to this “Uparwala”. The oneness of human beings is the greatest evidence to substantiate this claim.
When the human beings came to this earth as men and women, the problem of their identification too came up. How to identify these human societies? It is well beyond doubt that human societies are identified not by their castes, sects, languages, groups, traditions or ancestors. Their primary identity is determined by the land they occupy. Thus, the fundamental factor that decides nationality and citizenship is the country and nation and not other factors such as castes, languages, sects, religions, traditions, province or district, and culture or civilization. With some examples this can be explained properly.
Religion-wise people occupying the USA, European countries, and Australia are all Christians. But people who live in America are known as Americans, those who live in Britain are British, and people living in France are called French. They are not known by their common religion Christianity; or any sect of Christianity? At present, even amongst the Christians there are over 100 sects and sub sects. Similarly, all adherents of Islam are not known by that name. Those who occupy Saudi Arabia are known as Arabs, those living in Turkistan are called Turkey, those living in Iran are Iranians and those of Iraq are the Iraqis and not as Islamist or Muslims.
Similarly, amongst the Buddhist those who live in Japan are known as Japanese, in Vietnam they are Vietnamese, in Bhutan they are Bhutanese, in Tibet they are Tibetans, and in China they are known as Chinese in spite of their religion being the same. Today there are over 15 sub sects amongst the Buddhists world over.
In the same way if we take a look at Bharatvarsha, it is known by 5-6 names that are famous in the world. Normally, each country is known by its only name Britain and India being exception to this rule. Britain has three names while India has many. And according to this universal law people living in this land are known as Aryas from Aryavarta, Bhartiya, Bharatvasi or Bharati from Bharat, Hindi-Hindu-Hnidustani from Hindusthan and Indians from India. All these are the names of our country and society. This is in spite of the peaceful co-existence of enumerable sects, sub sects and religions carrying on with their faiths. The following example will further illustrate this better.
In 1940, Mohanlal and Mohammaddin born in Dhaka were Indians but in 1960 they were known as Pakistani and in 1980 their identity changed to Bangladeshi. Because in 1940 Dhaka was part of India, in 1960 it was part of East Pakistan and in 1980 it became part of Bangladesh. Their caste, sect, and language, ancestors and tradition remained unchanged but their national identity and citizenship changed. The reason is clear: The names of their nations changed. Those scholars or leaders state that citizenship and nationality is based on sect, caste, language, province or district do not have the clarity on the concept of nationality or doing so as part of a conspiracy. Some leaders crammer for autonomy or independence for their province. They too are misled. They indulge in violence and disturbances to further their political vested interests. Actually, districts and provinces are created under an administrative system of a nation.
It has been the practice among the Muslims to visit their holy places at Mecca and Medina. Muslims from all over the world gather there during the Haj. They are registered there as nationals of their respective countries and not as Muslims. So, the American Muslims are registered as Americans, British Muslims are registered as British, and Indian Muslims are registered as Hindi-Hindu-Hindustani. Even before the advent of Islam, the Arabs used to call our people as Hindi-Hindu-Hindustani. They used to call Indian numerical as ‘Hindsa’.
Here a new question may arise whether Hindi-Hindu-Hindustani is a narrow, parochial, fundamentalist identity? Whether Hindu denotes any caste, language or sectarian identity? Hindu-Hindi denotes our national identity and humanist character as Bharatiya, Indian, Hindustani, Japanese, Americans, Arabs, etc. For those millions of clean, unbiased Indians, the terms Bharatiya, Bharatvasi, Hindustani, Indians create a sense of universal oneness and broaden their minds. They never feel any sort of narrowness or communalism. But those for the “Doubting Thomases” these words become instruments of disturbances, violence and so on.
Therefore we must understand that all Indians whether they belong to different, castes, speak different tongues, live in different provinces, follow different sects such as Shaiva, Vaishnava, Jain, Bouddha, Sikh, Valmiki, Ravidasi, Radhaswami, Namdev, Nirankari, Shankardeva, Brahmakumari, Muslims (Shia, Sunni, Hanfi, Shalfi, etc.), Christians (Catholics, Protestants, Baptists, Methodists etc.) or whether they are Brahmins, Vaishyas (Agrawal-Banik), Kshatriya (Khatri, Rajput, Jaat, Gurjar etc.), Scheduled Castes and Tribes, or Bengalis, Kashmiris, Asamiyas, Maithili, Gujaratis, Malyalis, Nagas, Telugus, Marathis, Punjabis, etc. we are all Indians, Bharatiyas, Hindu-Hindi-Hindustanis. Over 95 per cent of Indian Christians and Muslims are converted from the original Hindus. By ancestors they are Hindu-Bharatiyas even today. The fragrance and light of “WE” is greater than the beauty of ‘I’. All our smaller identities are secured in this feeling of “WE”.
Come, let us understand this truth and establish it. This is the way to make our country Bharat and in turn entire world free from human bondages and conflicts and violence and usher in an era of unity, brotherhood, peace, fragrance and light that would guide the posterity.
(The author is member of RSS National Executive and Patron of Muslim Rashtriya Manch)