Source: News Bharati English03 Jan 2016 12:20:57

Mysore, January 3: Inaugurating the 103rd Indian Science Congress at the University of Mysore today, Prime Minister Narendra Modi delivered the inaugural address said that leaders like Professor Rao and President Kalam, and scientists of the nationhave placed India at the forefront of science and technology in many areas. The theme of this year’s Congress is “Science and Technology for Indigenous Development in India.”

 During the function, PM Modi also released the 103rd ISC Plenary Proceedings and the Technology Vision 2035 document and gave away the ISCA Awards for 2015-16. Calling for greater scientific cooperation between the state and central institutions, PM Modi on Sunday said that his government would strive to make scientific activities and research easier in the country.“It is a huge honour and privilege to address the 103rd Science Congress in the centenary year of the University of Mysore. Some of the tallest leaders of India have passed through the doors of this respected institution. The great philosopher and India’s second President Dr. Radhakrishnan and Bharat Ratna Professor CNR Rao are among them, PM Modi said.

In his address, PM Modi said that the history of the Science Congress and the University of Mysore began around the same time. “We have launched yet another revolution of empowerment and opportunities in India. And, we are once again turning to our scientists and innovators to realize our goals of human welfare and economic development. The world has progressed because of human instinct to enquire and explore for knowledge but also to address human challenges”, PM Modi added.

In his statement, PM Modi remembered late President Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam and said that no one reflected this spirit more than Kalam because his was a life of outstanding scientific achievements; and, his was a heart of boundless compassion and concern for humanity. He said that, for Kalam, the highest purpose of science was the transformation of the life of the weak, the under-privileged and the youth.

PM Modi said that the nations’ digital networks are expanding the quality and reach of public services and social benefits for the poor. And, in the first ever National Space Conference, India identified 170 applications that touch almost every aspect of governance, development and conservation.

“We are launching Startup India that will encourage innovation and enterprise. We are creating technology incubators in academic institutions. And, I have asked for a framework of Scientific Audit for scientific departments and institutions in the government.  It is with the same spirit of cooperative federalism that is shaping centre-state relations in every area, that I am encouraging greater scientific collaboration between Central and State institutions and agencies. We will also try to increase the level of resources for science, and deploy them in accordance with our strategic priorities”, he said.

PM Modi assured that it science and research in India would be easier, improve science administration, and expand the supply and improve the quality of science education and research in India.  At the same time, innovation must not be just the goal of our science. Innovation must also drive the scientific process. Frugal innovation and crowd sourcing are examples of efficient and effective scientific enterprise.

In his address, PM Modi said that many urban clusters in Asia will exceed the population of mid-sized countries elsewhere in the world and more than 50% of India will be living in urban habitats by 2050. And, by 2025, India may already have more than 10% of the global urban population.

“Studies suggest that nearly 40% of the global urban population lives in informal settlements, or slums, where they face a range of health and nutritional challenges. Cities are the major engines of economic growth, employment opportunities and prosperity. But, cities account for more than two-thirds of global energy demand and result in up to 80% of global greenhouse gas emission. That is why I have placed so much emphasis on smart cities”, he added.

PM Modi said that a sustainable future for this planet will depend not only on what we do on land, but also on how we treat our oceans because oceans occupy more than 70% of our planet; and, over 40% of humanity and 60% of the world’s largest cities are found within 100 kilometers of the coast.

He stressed and said that we are at the cusp of a new era, where oceans will become important drivers of our economies. Their sustainable use can bring prosperity; and, give us clean energy, new medicines and food security beyond just fisheries. 

Five Es: 

PM Modi said that the impact of science will be the most when scientists and technologists will keep the principles of what he stated as the Five Es at the centre of their enquiry and engineering

Economy – when we find cost effective and efficient solutions

Environment – when our carbon footprint is the lightest and the impact on the ecology is the least possible

Energy – when our prosperity relies less on energy; and the energy we use keeps our skies blue and our earth green.

Empathy – when our efforts are in tune with our culture, circumstances and social challenges.

Equity – when science advances inclusive development and improves the welfare of the weakest.

He stated that this year India marked a hundred years of a significant moment in the history of science, when Albert Einstein published in 1916 and said that nothing can be a higher duty for us, whether we are in public life, or we are private citizens, and whether we are in business or explore science, than to leave the planet in a better state for our future generations.

PM Modi stated that one must meet these aspirations at a speed and on a scale that is rare in human history from the richness of our tradition, the consciousness of our age and the strength of our commitment to our world, we must choose the most sustainable path possible.  

“The success of one-sixth of humanity will also mean a more prosperous and a sustainable future for the world.  We can only do this with your leadership and support. We will realise it when, in the words of Vikram Sarabhai, “we encourage scientists to interest themselves in problems outside their fields of specialization”, PM Modi said.