Source: News Bharati English09 Nov 2016 15:28:11

Germany, November 9: Imagine a child falling down from the cycle and at the very next moment her mother takes her child to clinic to heal her wounds! Voila, the wound is healed and the credit goes to “Coldplasma”.

What is Plasma?

Basically Plasma is a fundamental state of matter.Plasma is created by changing something else.  For example, if you heat a certain type of gas, you excite the molecules until they produce light, as in neon light, or in a modified version, a plasma TV display.  When you heat the gas, you create plasma, something that acts like gas, but is able to conduct electricity.  It's the electricity applied to that gas which produces plasma and, therefore, the plasma light.

What is Coldplasma?

Coldplasma is one of the newest and advanced medical concepts. Cold plasma applies the same basic theory to helium atoms, but at a lower level.  This creates a beam that is cool, hence the term cold plasma. The extensive application of cold plasma in wound treatment is just on the point of being introduced into regular clinical practice.

Russian scientists have found that treating cells with cold plasma leads to their regeneration and rejuvenation. This result can be used to develop a plasma therapy program for patients with non-healing wounds.

Non-healing wounds make it more difficult to provide effective treatment to patients and are therefore a serious problem faced by doctors. These wounds can be caused by damage to blood vessels in the case of diabetes, failure of the immune system resulting from an HIV infection or cancers, or slow cell division in elderly people. Treatment of non-healing wounds by conventional methods is very difficult, and in some cases impossible.

How does this work exactly?

With the press of a button an experiment is started as a demonstration. The cube is connected with the silicone patch which is placed over the wound. Plasma is created through altering accelerations of lighter and heavier ions in an electrical field which is not warmer than 40 degree Celsius and has good skin tolerability. For about 90 seconds there is a blue light and a sort of tingling feeling. The patch can be removed from the skin manually and does not leave any residue. Infected wounds are treated with this luminous mix of UV rays, free electrons, radicals, positively charged ions and other newly formed materials.  

 What happens during the process?

When the silicone patch is placed over the wound the cool light emitting from the device enacts directly in the form of gas and ions with the pathogens and bacteria present in it. In addition, the plasma induces the release of messaging substances in the body's cells which initiate natural wound healing mechanisms.

The concept behind healing of wound lies in killing of viruses present in the wound. This works because bacteria and fungi cannot withstand the physical stress that occurs under plasma radiation and cannot adjust to it, In short, the microorganisms die, explains Dr. Carsten Mahreholz, one of the inventors of the plasma patch and managing director of Coldplasmatech

This desired dual effect which involves bacterial death and cell invigoration is based on the varying stress responses displayed by bacteria and body cells. Bacteria have a greater capability to adapt quickly, but they possess fewer complex defense mechanisms, while body cells are much more robust and can react better to outside stimuli. The plasma treatment activates positive growth in the cells.


From Research to Practical uses:

The Leibnitz Institute for Plasma Science and Technology (INP) in Greifswald, Germany, is one of the leading establishments for plasma technology in Europe. With these intensely pursued research activities of many years duration, well equipped laboratories and effectively applied governmental funding, Germany occupies a pioneering role in plasma research and is seen as one of the most important research locations for plasma medicine in the world.

Physicians who have extensive experience and have conducted large studies predict a big future for the new technology in many clinical areas. In situations where diseases cause a surgical procedure has opened the skin and it is important to protect the skin from infections and the body from ingress of germs, plasma treatment offers a means of decontaminating such openings and helping them to close as quickly as possible. The gentle cleaning of chronic, often infected wounds, which until now mostly had to be done by hand, could with plasma treatment become a newly established standard technology and treatment method of this century

Dermatitis infections such as psoriasis or severe burns can also be treated. Taking cold plasma into the operating room could potentially cut back on the amount of time patients spend on the table while reducing the tissue damage that results from traditional surgeries.

Much of what today still seems visionary is already in the pipeline and on the way to becoming a reality. In view of the current hygiene issues in hospitals and increasing antibiotic resistance, the plasma scientists and inventors are from satisfied with what they've achieved to date. "We have made great progress with plasma technology, but we are still very much at the beginning of what we can do." As far as creativity is concerned, no limits have been set for the further development of products, emphasizes Mahrenholz.