Bengaluru, December 27: Vice President Hamid Ansari today said that judiciary is the guardian of the Indian Constitution. He also said the ground reality of delivering social justice in India is dismal even after 70 years of legislating welfare laws and adjudicating measures. "The ground reality is dismal," he said during the inaugural address at the 9th National Conference of the Indian Association of Lawyers in Bengaluru.
"Where do we stand on the ladder of equity? This is a question that citizens of the Republic can ask the state after 70 years of legislating welfare laws and adjudicating measures to deliver social justice."
India is placed 130th in the Human Development Index among 188 countries, Ansari said. Quoting from a report by wealth research firm New World Wealth, the Vice President said India is the 12th most inequitable economy in the world, with 45 per cent of wealth controlled by millionaires.
Citing another report, he said almost half of India's total wealth was in the hands of the richest one per cent, while the top 10per cent controlled about 74 per cent of it.
"The poorest 30 per cent, meanwhile, had just 1.4 per cent of the total wealth," he added.
Ansari said despite significant social and economic transformation, caste hierarchies continue to remain deeply entrenched and caste relations often result in violent outcomes.
He also said that according to a 2010 report by the National Human Rights Commission on the Prevention of Atrocities against Scheduled Castes, a crime is committed against a Dalit every 18 minutes.
"Data culled from National Human Rights Commission indicates that in 2012, 37 per cent Dalits lived below the poverty line, 54 per cent were under nourished, 83 per cent 1,000 children born in a Dalit household died before their first birthday and 45 per cent remained illiterate," he said.
The data also shows that Dalits are prevented from entering the police station in 28 per cent of Indian villages, their children have been made to sit separately while eating in 39 per cent government schools, and Dalits do not get mail delivered to their homes in 24 per cent of villages.