Source: News Bharati English02 Apr 2016 08:56:49

Washington, April 2: Participating in the plenary sessions of Nuclear Security Summit in Washington Friday night, Prime Minister Narendra Modi highlighted India's progress regarding nuclear security and said that India will continue to accord a high national priority to nuclear security through strong institutional framework, independent regulatory agency and trained and specialized manpower. He also stated that India has been adhering to international obligations on nuclear safety through actions at national level.
During his address, PM Modi stressed the need to remain on high vigil to combat nuclear terrorism and underlined his government's continued priority to nuclear safety by strengthening institutional framework. PM Modi said that India will counter nuclear smuggling and strengthen the national detection architecture for nuclear and radioactive material. A dedicated Counter-Nuclear Smuggling Team has been set up and will support IAEA's central role in nuclear security.

According to media reports, it is known that all together, three sessions were held under the chairmanship of US President Barack Obama on the second day of the summit today. In the first plenary, all participant countries released their national plans to enhance nuclear security and the second plenary focused on strengthening international institutions like the IAEA and the UN. The final session deliberated on challenges emerging from threats of nuclear terrorism and how they could be responded to.

Briefing media persons on the Prime Minister's participation in the nuclear summit, MEA Joint Secretary, Amandeep Singh Gill said that PM Modi stressed the importance of strengththening international organisations like the UN for nuclear security and also reiterated the importance of UN Security Council Resolution 1540 to prevent non-state actors gaining access to nuclear weapons.

India on Friday pledged a contribution of $1 million to the IAEA nuclear security fund. Prime Minister Narendra Modi made this commitment in his speech at the fourth and final Nuclear Security Summit (NSS). India has already made a contribution of $ 1 million.

“India will join the Trilateral Initiative of NSS chairs circulated at IAEA by subscribing as the Joint Statement on Strengthening the Nuclear Security Implementation and will also join three Gift Baskets this summit in priority areas of counter-nuclear smuggling, nuclear security contact group in Vienna, sharing of best practices through Centres of Excellence such as India's own”, PM Modi said.  Also, the the Prime Minister said that India will host meeting of Global Initiative to Combat Nuclear Terrorism (GICNT) in 2017 and that an international conference on countering nuclear smuggling is planned with Interpol.

Gill stated that the Prime Minister has announced a contribution of 1 million US dollars to Nuclear Security Fund of International Atomic Energy Agency. PM Modi said that India would join the basket group of three other countries to combat nuclear smuggling.

Highlights of PM Modi's announcement at :

  1. India will continue to accord a high national priority to nuclear security through strong institutional framework, independent regulatory agency and trained and specialized manpower.
  2. Development and deployment of technology to deter and defend against nuclear terrorism. These include physical and cyber barriers, technological approaches, setting up a facility for medical grade "Moly-99" using Low Enriches Uranium and using vitrified forms of vulnerable radioisotopes such as Ceasium-137.
  3. India will counter nuclear smuggling and strengthen the national detection architecture for nuclear and radioactive material. A dedicated Counter-Nuclear Smuggling Team has been set up
  4. India will support IAEA's central role in nuclear security by further contributing US $1 million to the Nuclear Security Fund.
  1. India will join the Trilateral Initiative of NSS chairs circulated at IAEA by subscribing as the Joint Statement on Strengthening the Nuclear Security Implementation.
  2. India will also join three Gift Baskets this summit in priority areas of counter-nuclear smuggling, nuclear security contact group in Vienna, sharing of best practices through Centres of Excellence such as India's own.
  3. India will host meeting of Global Initiative to Combat Nuclear Terrorism (GICNT) in 2017. An international conference on countering nuclear smuggling is planned with Interpol.

Quoting the Prime Minister, Gill said India has decided to stop the use of Caesium 137 in medical applications as it is produced by nuclear fusion of Uranium 235 which is used in nuclear reactors and weapons. The Joint Secretary further said that nuclear Safety Regulatory Bill which lapsed in last Lok Sabha will be tabled in the current session of the Parliament. He said, the next conference of INTERPOL will be held in India next year. 

On the sidelines of the nuclear summit, PM Modi renewed ties with other world leaders including Japan Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, Switzerland President Johann Schneider-Ammann and Kazakh president Nursultan Nazarbayev.  The Nuclear Security Summit was inaugurated by President Obama nearly six years ago, after outlining a goal of ridding the world of nuclear weapons during a landmark speech in Prague in 2009.

PM Modi has invited his Canadian counterpart Justin Trudeau to visit India.  Trudeau has accepted, saying he will visit India with his family. Canada is investing more than $8 billion in India.