Democratic parliamentary revolution of 26th May , 2014 in India will complete two years of its successful commencement ushering in a new era of development, under the reigns of a single majority Party viz., Bharatiya Janata Party at the central governance , on 26th May 2016 . The preceding half a century of mal-administration in India led to the much awaited ‘May 2014 democratic revolution’, which was a decisive articulation of frustration and anxious yearning for a minimum hope for a better life on the part of the citizenry.
Some time earlier to the assumption of power at the Center , the then Chief Minister of Gujarat, Narendra Modi ,while delivering an address to a meeting of the members, civil servants and erudite social workers , organized by the Pune Local Branch , of the Indian Institute of Public Administration ( New Delhi ), held on 24th May 2008, at Pune , had emphasized the following aspects in regard to the concept of ‘development’ and ‘planning’ in India :
( a) ill-conceived half a century of bad planning , (b) public satisfaction , (c) changing/converting ‘ file’ into ‘ life’, ( d ) ‘jyoti-gram’ scheme , (e ) new concept of ‘rurarban India ‘ , ( f ) broad-band connectivity all over , ( g ) ‘e-governance ‘, ( h ) growing growth rate , ( I ) ‘water management’ , ( j ) growth of agro-based sector , ( k ) ‘soil health card’ ( l ) involvement of bureaucracy , ( m ) ‘infant mortality rate—Human Development Index’, ( n ) tackling justice pendency, ( o ) synchronization of ‘good governance’ , people’s participation’ and ‘ development process’ and ,( p ) planning without considering the needs of the society and the ‘nation’ .
As a Chief Minister, Shri Narendra Modi had dreamt of the above which according to him, every citizen in the country was entitled to. The then Chief Minister had found fault with the planning process and its implementation in the country. He pointed out at the nexus between the bureaucratic leadership and the political leadership .He referred to the lack of ‘political will ‘on the part of the political leadership.
The new Union government at the outset , after assuming reigns of power in May 2014 , fixed the following priority areas for policy making and its execution .
1 Agriculture and farmer welfare
2 Rural sector
3 Social sector
4 Education skills and job creation
5 Infrastructure investment
6 Financial sector reforms
7 Governance reforms and ease of doing business
8 Fiscal discipline
9 Tax reforms to reduce compliance burden.
(Source: Business Standard)
Later, in consonance with the above thinking , several key achievements were attained and important decisions were taken in due course of time by Narendra Modi's government . These need to be studied by those interested by maintaining prudent patience without clamoring for instant results. One must remember that something had gone wrong since the beginning, right from the day one of the economics and politics of independent India.
The new era of the post-parliamentary revolution of May-2014 , witnessed and experienced the style of an unprecedented ruler (i.e. the Prime Minister ) whose social roots and cultural background was quite different from his predecessors. Macaulayan Congress party-men who ruled for most of the preceding years, although are entitled for a few clapping hands for their initiating several development measures in early period, the corrupt elements within the Party and in the Government, made a mess of the entire process of governance. Modi has before him the task of cleansing the environment and putting things at the proper places.
The initial two decades after the independence witnessed the era of ‘politics of principles’ , followed by late Mrs. Indira Gandhi’s ‘politics of manipulations’ overshadowed by caste considerations. Caste ceased to be a social factor, it became an instrument of acquiring political power by converting itself into a consolidated ‘vote bank’ , nurtured by the national parties as well as regional smaller satrap leaders and their parties.
It is important to study the steps taken by the Modi Government as matters of correctional measures in the process of planning and its subsequent implementation. Modi Government removed the irrelevant and unconnected issues in the planning process and tried to integrate them judiciously. At the outset the outdated ‘Planning Commission’ was abolished by substituting it by well thought out ‘National Institution of Transforming India Aayog’ –(‘NITI Aayog’) —the first step towards the integrated approach to planning. Planning for economic development was considered keeping the society and social facts in view—a rare approach .
The functions and goals , in fact a road map of development of India through the NITI are enumerated as following :
NITI AAYOG (NATIONAL INSTITUTION FOR TRANSFORMING INDIA)
In the light of above it will be worthwhile to take into account the important decisions and achievements of the Modi Government during 2014 -- 2016 :
For the first time in the administrative history of India since independence , ‘Rotational Secretariat’ of the Union Government administration for the benefit of the citizens of the North Eastern States, was launched with a special Union Minister in charge of the administrative affairs being appointed.
Attendance of a Union Minister in the North Eastern States every fortnight has been made mandatory by the Prime Minister to take care of and redress the grievances of the citizens there.
Let us over- view in brief , some of the distinct schemes and some big ideas floated by the Narendra Modi government during the last two years .:
Jan Dhan Yojana:
With a substantial section of society still outside the ambit of the formal financial system, the recent initiative which aims to bring the excluded into the banking system over the next few years is a laudable one.
But legitimate concerns remain. For one, access to banking services may not translate to usage as the poor may simply opt against engaging with the system.
Concerns also exist about the financial viability of maintaining such accounts. But if coverage is extended, especially to the rural poor, then in conjunction with the Aadhar platform, it could facilitate a shift towards cash transfers.
A brilliant event manager,” L K Advani said of former protégé Narendra Modi in April. On October 2, Modi showed how he is arguably the most skilled mass communicator among Indian leaders.
He chose Mahatma Gandhi’s birth anniversary to pick up a broom and launches the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan. Few remembered how Swachh Bharat was in fact the repackaged Nirmal Bharat sanitation programmes launched by the Atal Bihari Vajpayee-led NDA government and Manmohan Singh-led UPA governments.
But Modi is the first PM to take up the cause of cleanliness with such conviction and vigour. He has attempted to make a mass movement out of an issue that affects not only people’s health but is also an attack on social ills like untouchability and manual scavenging.
Make in India:
While successive governments have acknowledged the need to raise the share of manufacturing in GDP, there has been a mismatch between policies and the rhetoric.
The new governments innovative make in India campaign signals its commitment to transforming India into the manufacturing hub of the world.
The importance of manufacturing stems from the fact that the sector can serve as a source of employment for the bulk of unskilled and semi-skilled workers currently engaged in the agricultural sector.
But the success of this initiative depends on the degree to which the government can provide an enabling environment by improving the ease of doing business in India.
Abolition of the Planning Commission:
The abolition of the Planning Commission, announced by Prime Minister Narendra Modi from the ramparts of Red Fort, is probably the biggest symbolic break from the Nehruvian socialist era.
The NITI Aayog came into being on 1st January 2015 vide Cabinet Resolution No.511/2/1/2015-Cab., marching towards transforming India.
Derided as a “parking lot” for political cronies and superannuated civil servants by Arun Shourie, the Commission was often accused of being insensitive to the problems of the society and the states.
While the relevance of the Commission in an increasingly market-oriented economy is debatable, whether the new organization proposed in its place will be more in tune with realities or not remains to be seem. To what extent it succeeds in making states “equal partners” in the decision-making process remains to be seen.
The new Government initially took the following measures to establish the right path- finding which would bear useful fruits in due course of time.
Minimum Government, Maximum Governance- The current Indian government has just about 23 Cabinet Ministers and 23 Ministers of State. The previous Government had about 71 ministers. Now, that's 35% less than that of UPA. Now each minister has his share of perks and facilities. Imagine the amount of Tax Payers' money being saved by just reducing the government size.
A new ministry for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship:
As recently said by Modi, 65% of the Indian population is below 35 years of age i.e. the working population. Now if we want to increase employment or create more jobs - seeking opportunities, we need entrepreneurs. Also for the 65% population to work to their full potential, they need skill- development.
Strong Message to Pakistan over Terrorism:
India and Pakistan were to conduct bilateral foreign Secretary level talks in mid-August last. However, the constant interference of the Pakistan State- sponsored agencies in the politics of Kashmir forced India to call off the talks. Also, the Army posted at Indo-Pak Borders was given the full authority and power to revert to any attack coming their way. (Ceasefire violations).
Narendra Modi also addressed the issue of Terrorism on various international platforms like UN and elsewhere.
Modi’s visit to Japan brought in 35 Billion $ as investment in India over a period of next Five years. Also, Japan promised to contribute towards bullet trains in India. The "Make in India" pitch by Modi too gained Momentum in Japan with Japanese manufacturers interested in investing in India.
India's Uranium deal with Australia:
Australia is set to sign a Nuclear Power deal with India soon to supply around 500 tons of Uranium to India. India's power worries will be eliminated once the deal is signed and implemented with safer nuclear plants providing safer nuclear power.
A line of Top executives visiting India over investment
Many executives like: 1.Satya Nadella (Microsoft), 2. Indra Nooyi (Pepsico), 3. Sheryl Sandberg (Facebook), 4.Jeff Bezos (Amazon), 5. Mark Zuckerberg (Facebook).
Have visited India and met Modi to discuss further developments about their respective firms and how could they contribute to the development of India in technology as well as other sectors.
Modi's “Clean India initiative":
Modi announced to build toilets for girls in his Independence Day Speech and promote cleanliness in India. Soon, TCS and Bharti pledged Rs. 100 crore each to develop toilets for girls throughout the nation.
‘Make in India ‘campaign: (esp. in the Defence field).
Mr. Modi's new campaign to encourage International companies to join the ‘Make in India’ movement. It will boost the employment scenario and may also make India a pioneer in the manufacturing sector. Also not to forget the amount of International currency it will add to India's economy.
TATA group and Airbus to work together to manufacture Fighter Jets for the military.
Six Stealth submarines to be manufactured in India for Rs.50, 000 crore.
Amended Labour Laws:
Mr. Modi recently announced about amendments in the present laws which require at least a month or a two to set up a business. Now, a particular business can be set up just in a day online. No harassment by the government as of like in the license Raj.
The President's visit to Vietnam resulted in India extending $ 100m export credit for defense deals.
Talks with China resulted in discussions on boundary situation, LAC and assurances to find a solution with mutual consent to reduce the hostilities between the rising neighbours.
Defence Cooperation Agreement with the US extended by 10 years. FDI cap rose to 49%.
The PM visits border more often, meets the chiefs regularly and instills pride and a new-found confidence in the army men and people alike, deterring and ridiculing the enemy at the same time.
Narendra Modi talking to the troops in Leh, riling Pakistan in the process
It is unfortunate that our neighbors attitude. They have lost the power to fight a war but they use proxy war. There has been a process of killing innocent people through this proxy war. How many innocents are being killed? The number of people getting killed through the bullets of cowards is more than those killed in conventional wars.
A deal with Australia has been struck to satisfy our hunger for more fuel.
Talks with Japan have advanced to the final levels. China and the US have agreed to cooperate with civil nuclear deals.
Hydroelectric project agreement has been agreed with Bhutan that will also assist in flood control and irrigation.
Health: Allocations for nationwide health scheme, Namami Gange, Swacchh Bharat Abhiyaan and cooperative efforts with the State governments is a small step in the larger scheme of things i.e. to make a healthy cultured India. Toilets are being built in the villages to tackle a big problem, corporate are embracing it as CSR.
Relationship with Pakistan: Though Prime Minister Narendra Modi made efforts to strengthen relations with India’s neighboring countries, but he failed to maintain a healthy or diplomatic relationship with Pakistan. The Pakistan army has been violating ceasefire continuously after Modi government took charge, but the government failed to take necessary steps against it. On the Pakistan envoy’s meet with Kashmir separatists, India called off the Secretary level meeting but could not bar Pakistan from talking to separatists through diplomatic pressure.
In his first Independence Day speech on 15th August 2014, the Prime Minister captivated the youth by talking of his dream of a Digital India by 2019.
To begin with, the government was working on Rs 500-crore (Rs 5 billion) plan, and has already initiated biometric attendance in government offices. Delivery of government services through a unified portal has been planned under it.
Later, Aadhar-based digital life certificates called Jeevan Pramaan were launched for pensioners. The goal was to simplify the process of pension payments. India must first get a seamless broadband and Wi-Fi connectivity up to the last mile, for the plan to actually work.
One of the ideas from the BJP poll manifesto, this saw early action. In its first Budget in July 2014, the government allocated Rs 7,060 crore (Rs 70.60 billion) for smart cities, though the initial estimate for the project was Rs 35,000 crore per annum
The plan was to build 100 smart cities in India over a period of time. Smart cities are broadly defined as urban spaces that are technologically integrated, well-planned and environment-friendly. It’s a long-term project and could well be spread over 10 years or more, officials say. A flexible PPP (public-private partnership) model is being worked out; many countries including the US, Japan and Singapore, have committed to play a role.
Hindrances are power outages, poor infrastructure and dearth of clean drinking water which may play spoilsport. (Source: Business Standard).
Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao: Caring for the Girl Child:
The Prime Minister expressed, that, ‘our Mantra should be: ‘Beta Beti, Ek Samaan’ Let us celebrate the birth of the girl child. We should be equally proud of our daughters. I urge you to sow five plants when your daughter is born to celebrate the occasion’. PM Narendra Modi told the citizens of his adopted village Jayapur. Beti Bachao Beti Padhao (BBBP) was launched by the Prime Minister on 22nd January, 2015 at Panipat, Elsewhere, in Haryana. BBBP Modi addressed and told about the declining Child Sex Ratio (CSR) and related issues of women empowerment over a life-cycle continuum. It is a tri-ministerial effort of Ministries of Women and Child Development, Health & Family Welfare.
Leveraging the Power of JAM: Jan Dhan, Aadhar and Mobile:
JAM vision, will serve as the bedrock of many initiatives to come. For me, JAM is about Just Achieving Maximum. Maximum value for every rupee spent.
Maximum empowerment for our poor. Maximum technology penetration among the masses. 67 years after Independence, India still had a large part of the population which had no access to banking services. This meant, they had neither any avenues for Savings, nor any opportunity to get institutional credit. Modi launched the Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana on 28th August last, to address this fundamental issue. Within a matter of a few months, this scheme radically transformed lives and futures several lakhs poor, small self-employed working force.
A New Approach to Development: Sensed Aadarsh Gram Yojana:
Narendra Modi shared his vision for the Sensed Aadarsh Gram Yojana on its launch. ‘One of the biggest problems for us has been that our development model has been supply-driven. A scheme has been prepared in Lucknow, Gandhi Nagar, or Delhi. The same is attempted to be injected. We want to shift this model from supply-driven to demand driven through Aadarsh Gram. There should be an urge developed in the village itself. All we need is to change our mind set. We need to unite people’s hearts. Normally MPs are engaged in political activities, but after this, when they will come...
Unleashing India’s Entrepreneurial Energy:
India has a lot of latent entrepreneurial energy, which needs to be harnessed so that in the words of Modi ,’ we become a nation of job givers, more than job seekers.’ .The NDA Government focused on giving a boost to entrepreneurship.
‘It's my destiny to serve Maa Ganga’ said PM Modi when he was elected in May 2014 to Parliament from Varanasi, situated on the banks of Ganga in Uttar Pradesh. The River Ganga is important not only for its cultural and spiritual significance but also because it hosts more than 40% of the country’s population. Addressing the Indian community at Madison Square Garden in New York in 2014, the Prime Minister had said, "If we are able to clean it, it will be a huge help for the 40 per cent population of the country. So, cleaning the Ganges is also...
Powering India’s Growth:
India has set off on an ambitious mission, a mission to provide electricity to 18,000 villages which are still in darkness after almost 7 decades of independence. PM Modi, in his Independence Day speech announced that all remaining villages shall be electrified within 1000 days. Rural Electrification is happening at a rapid pace, and is being done in an unbelievably transparent manner. Data on villages being electrified is available to the public through a mobile app and a web dashboard. While we can observe only electricity reaching the villages, it is also important to note that it is accompanied by...
Putting the Indian Economy on a Fast-Track:
India becomes the fastest growing large economy in the world under the NDA Government. It has been a historic year for the Indian Economy. From a period of low growth, high inflation and shrinking production, the NDA Government has not only strengthened our macro-economic fundamentals, but has also propelled the economy to a higher growth trajectory. India’s GDP Growth rocketed to 7.4%, which is the fastest among all the large economies of the world. Various rating agencies and think tanks have predicted that India’s growth would accelerate sharply in the next few years under the NDA Government. Banking on the strong fundamentals.
Empowering Farmers for a Prosperous India:
Multiple steps taken to give a major boost to Agriculture Farmers have always been the back-bone of our country & the NDA Government is striving to strengthen this back-bone of the country through innovative and solid measures. Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana will give a boost to productivity by ensuring irrigation facilities. The Vision is to ensure access to some means of protective Irrigation to all agricultural farms. Farmers are being educated about modern irrigation methods to give 'Per Drop More Crop'. Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana has been launched to motivate groups of farmers to take up organic farming. A special scheme has...
Ushering in Unprecedented Transparency:
Transparent and Corruption-Free Governance reap huge benefits for the nation While the past decade has seen many tales of arbitrary decision making, corruption and discretion rather than policy dictating crucial decisions, the past year has been a welcome change. After the Supreme Court Order cancelled the coal block allocations, Government acted with unparalleled swiftness to ensure transparent and timely auctions. Auction and Allotment proceeds from 67 coal blocks have touched 3.35 lakh crores over the life of the mine. The Delhi High Court remarked: “What has convinced us is the fact that the auction process has worked out well.
Towards a Bright Future:
NDA Government gives massive push to education and skill development various unique measures have been taken to augment the quality and reach of education. A fully IT based Financial Aid Authority to administer and monitor all education loans and scholarships through Pradhan Mantri Vidyalakshmi Karyakram. Pandit Madan Mohan Malviya Mission for Teacher Training has been launched to enhance the quality of teaching. Global Initiative of Academic Network (GIAN) has been initiated to invite eminent faculty, scientists, and entrepreneurs from premier educational and scientific institutions across the world to teach in the higher educational institutions in the country during summer and winter breaks...
Connecting India like Never Before:
Building the infrastructure for a resurgent India Right from day one, NDA Government’s push to infrastructure has been evident. Be it Railways, Roads, or Shipping the Government is focusing on augmenting the infrastructure to aid in connectivity. For the first time, Railways budget focused on structural reforms and infrastructure changes. Announcement of new trains, which used to be an annual political gimmick, has now become a routine activity. Numerous passenger-friendly amenities like Wi-Fi on railway stations, passenger helpline (138), security helpline (182), paperless unreserved ticketing, e-catering, mobile security app and CCTV cameras for safety of women, etc have been launched by Railways.
Empowering Different States equally with boost to Cooperative Federalism:
Never before seen ‘Team India’ approach to work for India’s development In a unique departure from the past, PM Modi has stressed on the need to leverage co-operative & competitive federalism to achieve all round growth. For a long time, we have seen a Big Brother relationship between the Centre & States. A ‘One Size Fits All’ approach had been used for years, not taking into account the heterogeneity of different states and their local requirements. The NITI Aayog was formed to further empower and strengthen the states. An important evolutionary change from the past will be replacing a Union-to-State one-way...
Multiple Reforms introduced to ensure all round development. India is embarking on ushering in game-changing reforms through the use of Jan Dhan, Aadhar and Mobile (JAM), a unique combination of three to implement direct transfer of benefits. This innovative methodology will allow transfer of benefits in a leakage-proof, well-targeted and cashless manner. There would be cut in subsidy leakages but not in subsidy themselves. NDA Government has built a national consensus and introduced a Bill to amend the Constitution to implement the Goods and Services Tax (GST). The GST will put in place a state-of-the-art indirect tax system once it is passed.
Towards a Swachh Bharat:
Dirty and filthy India had been a distracting factor for foreign investors. “A clean India would be the best tribute India could pay to Mahatma Gandhi on his 150th birth anniversary in 2019,” said Shri Narendra Modi as he launched the Swachh Bharat Mission at Rajnath in New Delhi. On 2nd October 2014, Swachh Bharat Mission was launched throughout length and breadth of the country as a national movement. While leading the mass movement for cleanliness, the Prime Minister exhorted people to fulfill Mahatma Gandhi’s dream of a clean and hygienic India. Shri Narendra Modi himself initiated the cleanliness drive at Mandir Marg Police Station. Picking up the broom to clean the dirt,
Narendra Modi as a harbinger of modern social reforms:
The above anthological material is drawn from several sources, a few are derived ditto already published on net/ web-sites, only to establish the point in the interest of students and analysts .The list of achievements and important decisions would throw light on the extent of coverage of the functions and services rendered to the needy.
Narendra Modi -- In 2008 and in 2014:
The purpose of the reference made to the address given by Narendrabhai Modi in the beginning of the present essay, on his thoughts and concepts on development which he shared with the elite audience in Pune way back in 2008 , is to present a case of a person ,the then Chief Minister later to become the Prime Minister of the country , who had given serious thinking to the development of the society and the nation so consistently waiting for so long for an appropriate opportunity . Modi’s thoughts in 2008 and in 2014 seem to be quite similar and consistent. He had firm ideas of development. Economically poor in his childhood and yet the thoughtful devoted associate of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh as a ‘Pracharak’ in his formative days in life , he had strenuously nourished his plans and constructed the foundation of his ideas on development administration machinery. He then translated it into action confidently. He has acquired the qualities like personal integrity , hard work , selflessness and self discipline on account of his being in RSS.
The content in the speech referred to in the beginning of this essay would point out as to how does a common man in India visualizes the common difficulties faced by him in almost every field of activity and how helpless he finds himself against all odds. Narendra Modi sends a signal that no country can develop until the poorest of the poor and the most common citizen becomes a happy citizen on his own.
Modi’s concern and consistency in his ‘development-approach’:
Narendra Modi’s sincere efforts in initiating the developmental administration immediately after assuming reins of power , vindicates his honest concern about the common man.
The cluster of his long cherished ideas on development reflected the pinch and woes of the poor in the society for centuries which were hardly addressed properly by the governance. The earlier regimes , although honest , tried to repair the breakages by applying Western models of cures , which proved unsuccessful and useless. Modi’s plans and thoughts seem to have originated from the indigenous and native soil and therefore closer to the Indian individual and the society here.
It is said that Modi should have been at the helm of affairs in 1947. Why do citizens feel this way? It is also said that the country got a social leader as their Prime Minister from amongst themselves ,i.e. of the people , by the people and for the people. Narendrabhai Modi had emerged from that school of thought which upholds ‘nation first’ slogan higher than anything else. Modern Western social scientists look at Modi as a political leader as defined in the West. This is exactly where these academic stalwarts go wrong. Western political thinkers treat the individual as a political animal contrary to the oriental thinkers who treat the individual as a culturally integrated indivisible part of the family system. Western political society bases itself on the principle of rule of law, whereas there is the principle of ‘dharma’ ( duty ) , and ‘ vises dharma’ applicable to the inter-relationship within , in the oriental Indian society. Of course , in no way I am advocating any way against the prevalence of the present system of rule of law .I am merely pointing out at the imposition of a model of political rule on a society which has quite different roots and different customs of behavior.
Since this is a socio-cultural audit of the present regime , I have not referred to the labyrinth of maybe useful statistics to ascertain growth rates and the GDP , various percentages and absolute figures and so on. Audit is not merely a statistical exercise , it has also to examine a social agenda . No development can be achieved unless the society and the individual citizen therein too show signs of change in status. Planning for economic development is required to be designed with a view to enhancing social status of the society. Narendra Modi aims at this social agenda.
The credit side of the two years of Modi rule’s audit report is good , however , the debit side is worrisome and seems to have posed a serious challenge to the very parliamentary culture in India , i.e. the role of ‘opposition ‘ .It is very interesting to note that in the May 2014 ‘parliamentary’ revolution , the oldest by age and longest by existence - the national party viz., INC had been badly wiped out from power and was reduced to a size ,less than one tenth of the House total ( 44 out of 542 ) .This pitiable misery could not be digested by it and therefore it is not allowing the new ‘Executive’ to function in the House that too in the name of democracy . INC despite its grand nature has consistently failed in the recent times in its national outlook and on account of its miserable performance in the 2014 Lok Sabha elections , finds it difficult to rise above party interests. The Party seems to be dying, but all others must strive to enliven it lest there would be no opposition left, for the sake of parliamentary democracy. Narendrabhai Modi’s slogan ‘Congress Mukta Bharat’ aims at liberating the Party organization from a dynasty rule and obviously a particular family clutches and make it a true people’s free Party .Modi’s is a grand and sincere efforts of killing the ‘dependency-psyche’ of the helpless party-men on any particular family . This observation is certainly not a anti Congress line, it is in the interest of the INC itself and of course the people as well .
Society is in a situation of ‘no-come-back’.
The root cause of the social destruction of the Indian society can be traced back to ‘kale Ingra’ ( black English ) , producer Lord Macaulayan’s linguistic policy in India during the first half of 19th century. Lord Macaulay , undoubtedly was a erudite scholar, political administrator who is credited with several public administrative reforms in India esp. Indian Penal Code/Criminal Procedure Code . Nevertheless his policies cannot escape from the blame of de-Indianising the consequent progeny. To quote, “Thomas Babington Macaulay produced his famous Memorandum on (Indian) Education which was scathing on the inferiority (as he saw it) of native (particularly Hindu) culture and learning. He argued that Western learning was superior, and currently could only be taught through the medium of English. There was therefore a need to produce - by English-language higher education -" a class of persons, Indian in blood and color, but English in taste, in opinions, in morals and in intellect" who could in their turn develop the tools to transmit Western learning in the vernacular languages of India. Among Macaulay's recommendations were the immediate stopping of the printing by the East India Company of Arabic and Sanskrit books and that the Company should not continue to support traditional education beyond "the Sanskrit College at Benares and the Mahomet an College at Delhi" (which he considered adequate to maintain traditional learning) “.He recommended the “English Education Act, 1835 but it was later mitigated by the British Government in India and was made tradition friendly in India. However, the Macaulayan influence continued, till the present times. (Source: Wikipedia).
The damage nevertheless was done. Now, the society has reached a point of irreversible turn.
There is a serious identity crisis in almost all the branches of the governance and public administration .In spite of a most descriptive humane Constitution prepared by giants like Dr.Babasaheb Ambedkar ( who was the Chairman of the Drafting Committee ), Dr.Rajendra Prasad ( who was the President of the Constituent Assembly ) , Dr.Sachhitanand Sinha ( who was the temporary President of the Assembly ) , H.C.Mookarjee ( who was the former Vice Chancellor of Calcutta University , a Christian from Bengal , and Jurist B.N.Rau ( who prepared the first draft of the Constitution ) , there is a spate of litigations on the constitutionality of several provisions in the Constitution , preferred by the Executive , the Legislatures ,Constitutional Authorities , the NGO’s , and the individuals and the Public Interest Litigation ( PIL’s ) on frivolous matters wasting the time of the already overburdened Judiciary as well as the State. are in plenty. There should not be any hesitation on the part of the State-craft to consider several reviews of various constitutional functionaries about their proper functioning in the interest of parliamentary democracy , sooner or later , lest the democratic structure would collapse.
By and large the entire polity functions on the basis of distrust against each other. By and large the socio-political environment is replete with sarcasm and hypocrisy. By and large the media esp. the electronic media functions on the principle of exaggerations, preplanned twists, presentation of news without facts and its verification , conducting interviews without home-work , obsession of litigations , disregard of rules , regulations , law moreover its willful violations , anarchic tendencies on the part of citizens at public places are abundantly evident , to mention a few.
Competent Civil Service:
Narendra Modi firmly believes in the civil service and its capabilities. He observes that all that is required is an honest and a mature political leadership with impeccable personal integrity. During the period of the present audit , Modi is on record to have held meetings with various echelons of bureaucracy , taking them into confidence and passionately appealing to their conscience and putting before them the mission of national development. It is important to note that he had carried out a successful programme of ‘Karma Yogi Abhiyan’ in Gujarat when he was the Chief Minister.
The present essayist is not seized of pessimism. Outstanding achievements have been recorded in the field of science , engineering and technology. The point made is that the new regime under the leadership of Narendra Modi is busy in tackling these pending issues. Economic development takes place any way. Social reforms are a Herculean task which requires a unique leadership. Narendrabhai Modi is catering to this requirement. His emphasis on Swachha Bharat Abhiyan , Beti Bachao—Beti Padhao , Indradhanush , Atal Pension Yojana , Dr.Ambedkar Memorial , Pt.Deendayal Upadhyaya Gram Jyoti Yojana etc all are indicators of his social concerns in ‘nation building’, the ultimate goal of all the citizens. Obviously the new regime is busy in building an enduring socio-cultural infrastructure for economic development.
Mess everywhere and Modi has a long way to go:
May, 2014 parliamentary revolution heralds a dawn of a new era of awakening the anesthetized Indian society and remember the past history and respond to the call of reclaiming the intellectual leadership of the world and establish peace ,happiness and prosperity (remember ‘International Yoga Day’?) Without ignoring the unavoidable and indispensible slogan ‘nation first’.
In view of the above I for one feel Audit classification ‘ A+’ be accorded.