Source: News Bharati English14 Jul 2016 11:44:18

London, July 14: David Cameron’s six-year tenure as the United Kingdom’s Prime Minister came to an end on Wednesday, when he formally handed the reins to Theresa May. The United Kingdom’s Conservative Party leader Theresa May, 59, has been sworn in as Britain's second female prime minister and has announced the senior members of her cabinet. "David Cameron has led a one-nation government, and it is in that spirit that I also plan to lead," she said.
Cameron announced his resignation last month, following the UK's shock referendum vote to leave the EU. May, who became Conservative leader Monday after her sole contender for the job, Andrea Leadsom, dropped out of the race is Britain's second female prime minister after Margaret Thatcher, who held office from 1979 to 1990. Before resigning, Cameron delivered remarks outside 10 Downing Street, saying, "It's not been an easy journey, and of course we've not got every decision right, but I do believe that today our country is much stronger."

"The prime minister explained that we would need some time to prepare for these negotiations and spoke of her hope that these could be conducted in a constructive and positive spirit," the spokesman added. In a series of congratulatory phone calls taken by May on Wednesday evening, the UK's second female prime minister spoke to German Chancellor Angela Merkel, French President Francois Hollande and Irish Taoiseach Enda Kenny, media agencies reported.

After two failed attempts, she was elected to Parliament in 1997. In 2002, when chosen to chair the party, May gave a speech about the need to reach out to the less fortunate. “Our base is too narrow and so, occasionally, are our sympathies,” she said. “You know what some people call us? The nasty party. I know that’s unfair, you know that’s unfair, but it’s the people out there that we have to convince.”

In 2014, she again earned attention for taking on the powerful police union, the Police Federation, limiting “stop and search” because of racial bias and imposing elected oversight commissions on the police. To a stunned conference of police, she said: “The federation was created by an act of Parliament and it can be reformed by an act of Parliament. If you do not change of your own accord we will impose change on you.

In the new cabinet formed, Boris Johnson has taken up the position of foreign minister. Johnson assured the United States it would be at the "front of the queue." Meanwhile, David Davis has taken up the position of chief Brexit negotiator. The new finance minister appointed is Philip Hammond. One of Hammond's first tasks will be to decide whether he can afford to cut taxes or spend more to steer Britain's economy through the aftermath of the Brexit vote.

Amber Rudd, the interior minister, will play a crucial role in the country's approach to immigration, the issue which is widely believed to have swayed the EU vote to leave. Liam Fox is the new international trades minister where as Michael Fallon is the new defence minister, the former vice-chairman of the Conservative Party. He has also served in the business and energy departments and on the treasury select committee.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi congratulated Theresa May, on taking over as the new Prime Minister of United Kingdom. Prime Minister also appreciated contribution of David Cameron in strengthening India-UK ties. "Congratulations to Theresa May on taking over as the new UK PM. Looking forward to working with her for stronger India-UK ties. I also appreciate the significant contribution of David Cameron in strengthening India-UK ties, “the Prime Minister said.