Source: News Bharati English19 Jul 2016 15:34:20

New York, July 18: In a major move, the top United Nations political official on Monday called for implementation of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) under which Iran reaffirmed that it would not seek, develop or acquire nuclear weapons. “Fully implemented, the JCPOA will reinforce global non-proliferation norms, and assure the international community of the exclusively peaceful nature of Iran's nuclear programme,” Jeffrey Feltman, Under-Secretary-General for Political Affairs, told the Security Council.He noted also that lifting sanctions as a result of abiding with the JCPOA will “help to realize the long-awaited hopes and aspirations of the Iranian people to be reconnected to the global economy and the international community.” The Council endorsed the JCPOA on 20 July 2015 in resolution 2231, calling it a “culmination of diplomatic efforts by the so-called E3+3 which includes China, France, Germany, Russia, the United Kingdom and the United States  and Iran.

Presenting the Secretary-General's first report on implementation of the resolution, Mr. Feltman today told the Council that since 16 January of this year, the Secretary-General “has not received any report, nor is he aware of any open source information, regarding the supply, sale, transfer or export to Iran of nuclear-related items undertaken contrary to the provisions of the JCPOA.”

In addition, since that date, the Secretariat has received “no information regarding the supply, sale, transfer or export to Iran of ballistic missile-related items undertaken contrary to the provisions of resolution 2231 (2015).” However, in early March 2016, during military exercises, Iran launched a series of ballistic missiles. The report includes details from Iranian media and from information provided to the Secretary-General from France, Germany, the United Kingdom and the United States.

“While it is for the Security Council to interpret its own resolutions,” Feltman said, “the Secretary-General stressed that we must maintain the momentum created by the conclusion of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, consistent with its constructive spirit.” “In this regard, he calls upon Iran to avoid such ballistic missile launches which have the potential to increase tensions in the region,” he continued.

The report focuses on the restrictive measures in Annex B to the resolution which includes restrictions on nuclear-related transfers and activities, ballistic missile-related transfers and activities, arms-related transfers, as well as an assets freeze and a travel ban. It does not report on other provisions of the resolution or Annex A (on the JCPOA), nor touch upon the work of the Joint Commission established in the agreement. The next report of the Secretary-General will be submitted to the Council in January 2017.