New Delhi, July 5: Government on Tuesday passed the decisions of the renaming of names of Bombay, Madras and Calcutta High Courts High Court according to the present names of the cities. Bombay high court was renamed to Mumbai High Court, Madras High Court was renamed to Chennai High Court and Calcutta High Court was renamed to Chennai High Court.
The decision was taken by the Union cabinet after its expansion on Tuesday. While addressing a press conference after the cabinet expansion, Telecom Minister Ravi Shankar Prasad said, “from now on Calcutta High Court will be known as Kolkata HC, Bombay HC as Mumbai HC and Madras HC as Chennai HC.” “Calcutta, Bombay, Madras were renamed long time back, now it’s time to rename their Superior court”, Prasad added.
The government had initially considered passing an executive order on the matter. It later realised that a Bill, which was approved by the Law Ministry, was needed as the courts were named under the Indian High Courts Act of 1861.
Mumbai and Chennai changed their colonial names of Bombay and Madras in the year 1990, while Calcutta was renamed Kolkata in 2001. While the colonial names were left behind by the cities way back, the High Court located in the cities carried the colonial names.
The Calcutta High Court formally opened on July 1, 1862. The oldest high court in India, it is among the three chartered high courts in India, along with those of Bombay and Madras. It exercises original jurisdiction over the city of Chennai and appellate jurisdiction over the entire state as well as extraordinary original jurisdiction, civil and criminal, under the Constitution of India.
The Bombay High Court, which has its jurisdiction over the states of Maharashtra and Goa as well the Union Territories of Daman and Diu and Dadra and Nagar Haveli, was inaugurated on August 4, 1862. The High Court has regional branches at Nagpur and Aurangabad in Maharashtra and Panaji which is the capital of Goa. The first Chief Justice, the Attorney General and Solicitor General of Independent India were from this court.
The Chennai High Court is the highest court in the state of Tamil Nadu and it is located in state capital Chennai. The court is one of the three High Courts in India established at the Presidency Towns by Queen Victoria during June 1862. It exercises original jurisdiction over the city of Chennai and appellate jurisdiction over the entire state as well as extraordinary original jurisdiction, civil and criminal, under the Constitution of India.