New Delhi, August 8: Government took a serious note of the national aquatic animal Dolphin. Dolphins are animals of aquatic ecosystems. They are found in the sea, brackish water and fresh water. A total of 15 species of marine and harbour dolphins have been reported from Indian waters and coasts.
State/UT-wise population details of dolphins in the country are not collated in the Ministry. However, the latest population assessment of the Gangetic dolphins carried out in Uttar Pradesh, in Ganges and its tributaries during October 2015 indicated around 1263 Dolphins, compared to the earlier estimate of 671 assessed in 2012. Population status of other dolphins is not known.
Diverse pressure on rivers due to human activities, including pollution, is generally considered to impact biodiversity of river ecosystem. Dolphins are part of river ecosystem also.
The following are the important steps taken by Government for conservation of Dolphins: