Source: News Bharati English20 Sep 2016 11:53:58
New York, September 20: With more people forced to flee their homes than at any time since World War II, world leaders came together at the United Nations on Monday to adopt the New York Declaration, which expresses their political will to protect the rights of refugees and migrants, to save lives and share responsibility for large movements on a global scale.
At the opening of the UN General Assembly's first-ever Summit for Refugees and Migrants, delegations adopted the landmark Declaration, which contains bold commitments both to address current issues and to prepare the world for future challenges, including, to start negotiations leading to an international conference and the adoption of a global compact for safe, orderly and regular migration in 2018, as well as, to:
- Protect the human rights of all refugees and migrants, regardless of status. This includes the rights of women and girls and promoting their full, equal and meaningful participation in finding solutions;
- Ensure that all refugee and migrant children are receiving education within a few months of arrival;
- Prevent and respond to sexual and gender-based violence;
- Support those countries rescuing, receiving and hosting large numbers of refugees and migrants:
- Work towards ending the practice of detaining children for the purposes of determining their migration status;
- Find new homes for all refugees identified by the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) as needing resettlement; and expand the opportunities for refugees to relocate to other countries through, for example, labour mobility or education schemes; and
- Strengthen the global governance of migration by bringing the International Organization for Migration (IOM) into the UN system.
Mogens Lykketoft, President of the 70th session of the UN General Assembly, emphasized that all countries must do their part in responding to the global challenge. “The desperation and suffering of people in flight tugs at our collective conscience, and compels us all to act compassionately to forge a global response to what is clearly a global challenge,” he said.
Calling on all partners to support implementation of the Declaration’s commitments, Mr. Lykketoft also welcomed the Secretary-General’s campaign to counter xenophobia and intolerance. He said: “In the face of a changing world, it is vital that we do not give in to fear, but that we strive to maintain our principles and common humanity.” UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon congratulated Member States saying: “Today's Summit represents a breakthrough in our collective efforts to address the challenges of human mobility.”