London, September 22: The Indian Institute of Science (IISc) in Bengaluru has jumped some 50 places in the Times Higher Education World University Rankings for 2016-17, making it the top Indian educational institution in the list. The rankings published on Wednesday night put IISc Bengaluru at striking distance of the coveted top 200 list. It’s the best ranking ever achieved by the institute.
IISc Bengaluru found a place in the 201-250 groups of best universities, up from the 251-300 groups in which it was ranked last year. And the Indian Institute of Technology Bombay (IIT-B) was ranked in the 351-400 cohorts. After rating the first 200 universities, Times Higher Education does not assign a particular ranking but sorts them into groups of 50.
The University of Oxford has become the first UK University to top the list in the 12-year history of the table. It knocks the five-time leader, the California Institute of Technology, into second place in the rankings of 2016-2017.
Oxford’s success can be attributed to improved performances across the four main indicators underlying the methodology of the ranking – teaching, research, citations and international outlook. More specifically the institution’s total income and research income is rising faster than its staff numbers, its research is more influential, and it has been more successful at drawing in international talent.
But when looking at country level, nations in Asia stand out. Two new Asian universities make the top 100 (Chinese University of Hong Kong and Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST)), while another four join the top 200: City University of Hong Kong, University of Science and Technology of China, Fudan University and Hong Kong Polytechnic University.
Overall, 289 Asian universities from 24 countries make the overall list of 980 institutions and an elite group of 19 are in the top 200, up from 15 last year. When analysing which countries achieve the highest average scores, Singapore comes top on all five of the pillars underlying the ranking – teaching, research, citations, industry income and international outlook. Hong Kong is second for teaching, third for research and fourth for citations.
Rajika Bhandari, deputy vice-president of research and evaluation at the Institute of International Education said that the sharp rise of Asia’s universities is due to three main factors: rapidly growing populations and demand for higher education in the region; governments making significant investments in universities; and improvements by individual institutions.