New Delhi, January 19: India, in order to boost the economy of the country and to have much closer ties with other countries in various fields like agriculture, science, technology, Youth matters, cyber security etc, has taken an important initiative to seek the help of other countries and vice versa.
Notably, Government of India on Wednesday has agreed to sign many MoUs with several countries like Serbia, South Korea, Vietnam, Peru, UAE etc in several fields. The government has also approved several agreements with various states to bring the prosperity and to boost the economy.
i) MoU between India and Serbia for cooperation in the field of Information Technology and Electronics
Aims to promote cooperation between both the countries in the field of IT and Electronics, and to foster active cooperation and exchanges between the private entities, capacity building institutions, the Governments and other public and private organizations of the two countries in IT & Electronics.
ii) India’s Membership in the International Vaccine Institute (IVI), South Korea.
India will take full membership of the International Vaccine Institute (IVI) Governing Council. The move involves payment of annual contribution of US $ 5,00,000 to the International Vaccine Institute (IVI), Seoul, South Korea.
Notably, International Vaccine Institute (IVI), Seoul, South Korea, established in 1997 on the initiatives of the UNDP, is an international organization devoted to developing and introducing new and improved vaccines to protect the people, especially children, against deadly infectious diseases. In the year 2007, with the approval of Cabinet, India joined IVI. India is a long-term collaborator and stake-holder of IVI.
In December 2012 the Board of Trustees (BOT) of IVI approved the formation of its new governance structure. As per the new governance structure of IVI, a member State has to contribute to the IVI by paying a portion of its core budget. Since India is classified in Group-I, it has to pay an annual contribution of US $ 50,000.
iii) MoU on cooperation on Youth matters between India and Russia.
It aims at promoting the exchange of ideas, values and culture amongst Youth through the establishment of people-to-people contacts and in consolidating friendly relations between the two countries. The selections for participation in exchange programmes shall be done in an objective and transparent manner and the outcomes of the programmes under the MoU shall be open for public scrutiny. Exchange programmes will help in developing international perspective among the Youth and expanding their knowledge and expertise in the areas of Youth Affairs.
iv) MoU between the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) and the Japanese Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) for cooperation in the field of outer space.
The main purpose of this MoU is to pursue future cooperative activities in the exploration and use of outer space exclusively for peaceful purposes in accordance with the laws and regulations applicable in each country and their international obligations.
This MoU also provides scope for pursuing cooperation in various areas of space science technology and applications including earth observation, satellite communication and navigation; exploration and space sciences; Research and development (space systems and space technology); and Space industry promotion.
ISRO and JAXA will bear the costs of their respective activities under this Memorandum unless they decide otherwise in writing. Ability to fulfill their respective roles and activities under this Memorandum and its relevant separate Implementation Arrangement is subject to their respective funding procedures, the availability of appropriated funds and their respective national laws.
Framework MoU would lead to joint activity in the field of application of space technologies for the benefit of humanity. Thus all sections and regions of the country will get benefited.
Notably, India and Japan pursue space cooperation for more than 5 decades and carried out studies in the field of atmospheric study, observation of universe and scientific investigation in remote sensing. With the formation of JAXA in 2003, an "arrangement concerning the considerations of potential future cooperation in the field of outer space" was signed in October 2005 between ISRO/ Department of Space (DOS) and JAXA. Subsequently, both agencies have signed cooperative documents addressing lunar exploration, satellite navigation, X-ray astronomy and Asia-Pacific Regional Space Agency Forum (APRSAF).
v) MoU between India and Vietnam In the field of cyber security.
The MoU intends to promote closer cooperation for exchange of knowledge and experience in detection, resolution and prevention of cyber security-related incidents between India and Vietnam. Implementation of the MoU will result in significant mutual benefits in the cyber security sector, through institutional and capacity-building in the field of cyber security in the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.
vi) Trade Agreement negotiations with Peru.
It aims at holding negotiations for Trade Agreement with Peru on trade in goods, services and investment. A Joint Study Group (JSG) between India and Peru was constituted in order to explore the possibility of entering into a trade agreement with Peru on 15th January 2015. Both sides concluded the Joint Study Group Report on 20th October 2016 and agreed to carry forward the discussions on trade in goods, trade in services and investment.
Notably, Peru ranks 3rd amongst export destinations for India in the Latin America and Caribbean (LAC) region during 2015-16. India's bilateral trade with Peru was US$ 107.32 million during 2005-06 which registered a growth of 1319.45% during 2015-16. India has friendly relations with Peru. Peru has been cooperating with India at the International fora and the trade agreement will enhance the trade and economic relations between the two countries.
vii) MOU between India and the United Arab Emirates for cooperation in the field of Small and Medium Enterprises and Innovation
The MoU would benefit Indian SMEs and lead to equitables and inclusive development. The exposure to best practices in SME sector abroad would provide an opportunity to Indian SMEs to improve upon them and innovate further. It would also provide to Indian SME sector an opportunity to have a mutually beneficial relation with SME sector of the United Arab Emirates and to explore their markets.
viii) MOU between India and the United Arab Emirates for cooperation in the field of agriculture and allied sectors
The MoU will be mutually beneficial to both countries. It will promote understanding of best agricultural practices in the two countries and will help in better productivity at farmer fields as well as improved global market access leading to equity and inclusiveness. Cooperation in agricultural technology will lead to innovative techniques for increasing production and productivity leading to the strengthening of food security.
ix) MoU between India and the United Arab Emirates on Institutional Cooperation in Maritime Transport
The proposed MoU will pave way for facilitation and promotion of maritime transport, simplification of customs and other formalities, wherever possible, observed in Ports and facilitation of the use of existing installations for the disposal of waste. The MoU will also enable Shipping Companies in both countries to enter into bilateral and multi-lateral arrangements for sustainable trading activities.
x) The Establishment of Indian Agricultural Research Institute, Jharkhand
Approval of the 12th Plan Proposal of the DARE/ICAR Plan Scheme of the 'Establishment of Indian Agricultural Research Institute (lARI)-Jharkhand'. It will have an estimated outlay of Rs. 200.78 crores (100% ICAR share) on 1,000 acre land provided by the Government of Jharkhand at the Gauria Karma Village in Barhi Block of Hazaribag.
lARI-Jharkhand would be a unique Institution, which would possess all the hallmark identities as that of IARI at New Delhi including all sectors of agriculture like field crops, horticultural crops, agro-forestry, animal husbandry, fisheries, poultry, piggery, silk and lac rearing, honey production etc.
xi) Government has also identified 1824 redundant and obsolete Central Acts for repeal. After careful examination and consultation with various Ministries/Departments in the Government of India, four Acts have been enacted to repeal 1175 Central Acts (during the period May, 2014 to August, 2016) by Parliament are as follows:
a) The Repealing and Amending Act, 2015 (17 of 2015) repealing 35 Acts; The Repealing and Amending (Second) Act, 2015 (19 of 2015) repealing 90 Acts;
b) The Appropriation Acts (Repeal) Act, 2016 (22 of 2016) repealing 756;
c) Appropriation Acts including Appropriation (Railways) Acts;
d) The Repealing and Amending Act, 2016 (23 of 2016) repealing 294 Acts.
Out of the aforesaid 1824 Acts, 227 Acts (including Appropriation Acts enacted by Parliament for the States under President's Rule) are identified to be repealed by State Governments have been requested to take necessary action to repeal them.
A list of remaining 422 Central Acts was circulated among all the Ministries/ Departments for their comments on the repeal of Acts pertaining to their respective Ministries/Departments. Till date, 73 Ministries/Departments including Legislative Department have given their comments whereby they have agreed to repeal 105 Acts and disagreed to repeal about 139 Acts. On the basis of the comments/concurrence received from the Ministries/Departments, 105 Acts have been identified for repeal by this Department.