London, February 7: Weight loss in individuals at high risk of diabetes is an effective prevention method and a major component of the currently prevailing diabetes prevention strategies. Researchers at the University of Cambridge have found that public health programs to reduce obesity can significantly lower the risk of type 2 diabetes.The researchers predicted that about 20% of new diabetes cases could be prevented if adulthood weight was maintained within one body mass index (BMI) point or within 3% of total weight.
The researchers said they instead propose that particular focus be paid to achievable, community-based weight loss programs, such as commercial weight loss programs. Past research has shown the weight benefits that commercial weight loss programs can provide, particularly for high-risk populations, the team said.
“We have shown that a population-based strategy that promotes prevention of weight gain in adulthood has the potential to prevent more than twice as many diabetes cases as a strategy that only promotes weight loss in obese individuals at high risk of diabetes,” said first author of the study Dr. Adina Feldman from the University of Cambridge in England.
Researcher’s analyzed data from 33,184 people aged 30 to 60 who were examined twice in 10 years between 1990 and 2013 as part of the Vasterbotten Intervention Program, or VIP. Results showed that after 10 years, 3.3 percent of participants developed diabetes, 53.9 percent gained more than 2 pounds over their starting weight and 36.2 percent maintained their weight. People who gained more than 2 pounds had a 52 percent higher risk of diabetes than those who maintained their weight.
Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes. For many people (but not all) it can be prevented through following a healthy lifestyle. While type 2 diabetes cannot be cured, it can be managed and people with type 2 diabetes can and do live active and healthy lives. In type 2 diabetes, either the body doesn’t produce enough insulin, or the cells in the body don’t recognise the insulin that is present. The end result is the same: high levels of glucose in your blood.