New Delhi, March 1: The India Meteorological Department (IMD) issued summer forecast and heat wave alerts for the March-to-May period. IMD Predict this summer to be hotter than usual temperatures across the country. Also, IMD warns hill stations will be warmer this year.However, A.K. Sahai, head of climate research and services at IMD, Pune, said “temperatures during summer this year would be higher than the mean temperatures of the past 25 years”. The year 2016 has been the warmest on record since 1901, according to IMD.
The weather outlook for 2017 suggests above normal temperatures (up to 1.0 degree C) are likely to prevail over all meteorological sub-divisions of the country except northwest India, where the temperatures are likely to be more than 1.0º C above normal, IMD said in a statement on Tuesday.
There are about 47% probabilities of maximum temperatures in the core heat wave (HW) zone during the 2017 pre-monsoon season to be above normal. Core HW zone covers states of Punjab, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Delhi, Haryana, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Bihar, Jharkhand, West Bengal, Orissa and Telangana and met subdivisions of Marathwada, Vidharbha, Madhya Maharashtra and coastal Andhra Pradesh.
IMD will also provide extended range forecasts (5 days averaged forecasts for next 15 days) of heat wave conditions over the country. This will be based on the Dynamical Extended Range Forecasting System developed under MOES’s monsoon mission project.
Meanwhile, India faced back-to-back droughts in 2014 and 2015, which was followed by a normal monsoon in 2016. But some areas of the country were declared drought affected in 2016, including parts of Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Karnataka.