New Delhi, March 30: Central government has approved the construction of 1 crore affordable houses for the poor so that their survival become much easier. Notably, the Minister of State for Rural Development Ram Kripal Yadav said in a written reply to a question in the Lok Sabha that in the first phase (from 2016-17 to 2018-19) 1 crore affordable houses are targeted for construction under Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana-Grameen, PMAY-G with the financial implication of Rs. 81,975 crore for the period 2016-17 to 2018-19.
However, targets for the remaining period (till 2022) will be decided after verification and finalization of permanent wait lists, based on SECC 2011 data by all States/UTs. Minister Yadav said that to provide technical support in achieving the targets of “Housing for All” a National Technical Support Agency (NTSA) for Rural Housing shall be set up at the national level.
The Minister also informed that to achieve the objective of ‘Housing for All’ various features has been incorporated into the scheme architecture of PMAY-G, some of which are as below:
(i) Availability of sufficient financial resources both in the form of budgetary support and borrowing from NABARD to meet the expenditure for construction of houses.
(ii) Electronic transfer of assistance under Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT) to resolve problems of delayed payments and expedite completion.
(iii) Comprehensive online monitoring through the scheme MIS-AwaasSoft.
(iv) Inspection and Geo-tagging of houses, through the mobile app- AwaasApp by beneficiaries to reduce delays.
(v) Increasing number of trained rural masons through Training, Assessment and Certification.
(vi) Setting up of Programme Management Unit (PMUs) at state and sub-state level to review progress on a daily basis, provide requisite technical support and facilitation and plug gaps in the implementation using administrative funds available under the scheme.
Minister Ram Kripal Yadav further noted that as per provisional figures of Socio-Economic and Caste Census (SECC) 2011, approximately 4 crore rural households face housing deprivation. After accounting for the houses that were constructed under Indira Aawas Yojana, IAY and State-sponsored housing schemes since 2011, it has been estimated that 2.95 crore more houses, with an anticipated variation of ± 10%, would need to be constructed to achieve the objective of ‘Housing For All’ by the year 2022.
Notably, Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana(Urban) was launched by Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi on June 25, 2015, with the objective of enabling all poor urban households to own a pucca house with necessary basic amenities.