New York, April 11: The conflict over Western Sahara between Morocco and the Frente POLISARIO, supported by Algeria is going on since 1976. UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres is trying to put a permanent end to this fight by proposing a new diplomatic push. From a report by AFP, probably the new order will be holding a referendum on Morocco’s order over a territory.
The United Nations Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara (MINURSO) is monitoring the issue since 1991.Gutters said in a report to United Nations Security Council that a “new dynamic” and “new spirit” is necessary to resolve world’s one of the most unmanageable conflict. "I intend to propose that the negotiating process be relaunched with a new dynamic and a new spirit that reflect the council's guidance," UN chief commented.
UN envoy Christopher Ross resigned last month after Gutters’ telephonic conversation with Morocco's King Mohamed VI to reduce tensions. German president Horst Kohler has been approached to be the new envoy.
Instead of UN’s constant honest effort to resolve the fact, the conflict remains unsolved. The root cause arises from the fact that “each party has a different vision and reading of the history and documents that surround this conflict,". Guterres met Polisario Front leader Brahim Ghali to discuss his proposal to relaunch negotiations to reduce tensions in the Guerguerat buffer zone.
This report is important being Guterres’ first report to council. His predecessor Ban Ki-moon angered Morocco king by using the term “occupation” to describe the present situation in Western Sahara. Morocco expelled a number of UN staff.
The Security Council is going to renew MINURSO's mandate and discuss the issue in the last of this month. Guterres has suggested extending the mission until April 18.