Source: News Bharati English19 Apr 2017 11:00:38

New Delhi, April 19: After Indian Space Research Organization ISRO achieved a milestone by launching 104 rockets in a one go, India carved history in the world of space science. ISRO has always been successful in its mission which states ‘harness space technology for national development.’ But hold on, Right on this day 42 years back, India launched its first ever satellite ‘Aryabhata’.

Do you know?

  • ISRO built India’s first satellite, Aryabhata, was launched on 19 April, 1975. It was named after the Mathematician Aryabhatta. It provided India with the basis of learning satellite technology and designing.
  • No wonder India took its pace after launching ‘Aryabhata’ and went ahead to launch Chardrayan and Mangalyaan which were again successful. Here below are interesting facts about Aryabhatta satellite:

  • The satellite was named Aryabhata by India's first woman Prime Minister, Indira Gandhi. It was named after the prominent Indian astronomer and mathematician Aryabhata.
  • The 360-kilogram satellite built by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) was launched by Russia from their Kapustin Yar rocket launch and development site using a Kosmos-3M launch vehicle.

  • The satellite had its data receiving centre in Bangalore, where a toilet was converted to serve the purpose.
  • A failure in the satellite's electrical power system halted experiments for four days.
  • The project of the satellite was initially pegged at Rs 3 crore but costed a little more.
  • The historic event was celebrated by the Reserve Bank of India and the satellite's image appeared on the reverse of Indian 2 rupee banknotes between 1976 and 1997.

  • To commemorate the event, both India and Russia released commemorative stamps and first day covers.

  • It had a real-time data transmission rate of 256 bits/sec with an internal temperature ranging from 0 to 40 degrees Celsius.
  • Aryabhatta re-entered Earth's atmosphere after 17 years of its former launch on February 11, 1992.

Dr A.P.J. Abdul Kalam and Dr Vikram Sarabhai along with other scientists were the ISRO’s key scientists and visionaries.  ‘Aryabhata’ India’s first satellite was a successful launch which kicked off the ISRO’s mission to harness the space technology for national development.