Washington, May 12: Mars have always been the planet of human interests. Many number of satellites, missions are taken up to study the planet Mars. Earlier the scientists were eager and doubtful about sending humans to Mars but after President Donald Trump signed the accord with NASA with an expectation to send humans on red planet by 2033. NASA has a new plan for sending astronauts into orbit around the Moon.
This is because NASA thinks that the ‘Cislunar’ orbit which is between the Moon and the Earth; is going to be an essential testing site and launching pad for reaching Mars in the 2030s. The lunar presence would serve as a launching point for the spacecraft that will carry humans to Mars, a NASA official said.
Speaking at the Humans to Mars summit in Washington, D.C., NASA's Greg Williams outlined plans to build a small space station orbiting the moon in what's known as Cislunar space, which will serve as a "Deep Space Gateway." It will be "a transportation node for us in Cislunar space that we can use to mount expeditions to Mars," Williams said. "It will allow us also to gain confidence that we can conduct deep space operations in an environment that is going to be more similar to the long transit to Mars." "If we could conduct a year-long crewed mission on this Deep Space Transport in Cislunar space, we believe we will know enough that we could then send this thing, crewed, on a 1,000-day mission to the Mars system and back," Williams added.
This deep space gateway would have a power bus, a small habitat to extend crew time, docking capability, an airlock, and serviced by logistics modules to enable research. Prior to the year-long Moon mission, there would be at least five missions; four of them with a crew, to deliver hardware, such as a crew habitat, Williams said. So that's the plan for getting human footprints on Mars by 2033.
Also SpaceX and MarsOne are planning to send humans as earlier as they can. SpaceX earlier announced about his company which plans to send a few paying customers on a trip around the moon next year.