Molten lava, heating waves, dark smog… Can anyone escape from this phenomenon of nature? Volcanoes are the ‘angry side’ of our Mother Earth which burns everything to ashes. These volcanpoes have swept the human species earlier in 20th centuries.
Let us read about top five deadliest volcanic eruptions that still send the chills down the spines.
Mount Pelée can be seen located in the Lesser Antilles island Martinique in the Caribbean. It has an elevation of 4583 feet and is famous for the massive destruction it caused in the first week of May, 1902. The Mount Pelee volcanic eruption is marked as the worst volcanic catastrophe of the last century. Lethal magma flows took the lives of more than 30,100 people severely destroying the town of Saint-Pierre, which at the time was known as the “Paris of the Caribbean”.
The volcano is located in Sunda Strait, Indonesia with a summit elevation of 813 m. It was August 26, 1883, when a series of deadly explosions was heard from the Krakatau volcano. The devastating explosions were so intensive that they were experienced even from a distance of nearly 2,000 km! More than 4,600 people were died immediately facing the extremely hot magma flow. Additionally, about 32,000 people lost their lives after being hit by a tsunami that resulted out of the lethal Krakatau eruptions.
The volcano is located in Sumbawa, Indonesia with a summit elevation of 2850 m. More than 92,000 people were killed as a direct impact of the historic Tambora eruption that started April 5 in 1815 and reached its peak on April 10. Approximately another 117,000 deaths were reported in the post-eruption period owing to starvation and diseases.
Around 100 cubic km of magma was released during the deadly eruption and a tsunami with a wave height of 10 m was reported. The year 1816 is known as the year without a summer as the Tambora aerosols had affected the global climate severely by blocking out sunlight and thereby reducing the global temperature considerably.
Some four hundred years ago, in the upland region of southern Peru, a volcano named Huaynaputina exploded; catastrophically. It was February 19, 1600, and is recorded as the largest volcanic explosion in South America in historic times. More than 2 million people were killed as a direct impact of the historic Huaynaputina eruption. It triggered the coldest Russian winter in 600 years.
The Laki eruption wasn’t really a single event, but rather 8 months’ worth of lava flows and explosions that ejected an astounding ~14.7 km3 of basaltic lava that came out of 140 vents along a 23-km-long set of fissures and cones. This eruption killed several millions. The eruption generated a toxic haze of hydrogen fluoride and sulphur dioxide that stretched from Iceland across Europe.