Nankoku, May 15: Tsunami hits Japan very often. The latest one in 2011 destroyed the Fukushima nuclear chamber. To combat this natural evil, A team at the Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology Kochi Institute for Core Sample Research is studying how to mitigate the size of tsunami like that of the 2011 disaster using bacteria.
The contradiction due to the shift of tectonic plates in earth causes the earthquake. The oceanic and continental tectonic plates if can be made shallow by at their boundaries by using bacteria, the size of each shift will be reduced leading reduced size of the tsunami.
Bacteria secret a certain type of carbonate ions and these ions can create calcium carbonate by reacting with the calcium in sea water. As bacteria are slippery they can enter the places between the plates. With self reproduction these will spread out easily in the plates. "Sporosarcina ureae" will be used because it can create most calcium carbonate.
A friction and abrasion testing machine has been used to carry out the experiment. The use of Sporosarcina ureae increased the friction by roughly 10 percent. The results are promising and the researchers are carrying forward the research.
The relevance of the research will seem very clear if we observe the statistics of vitims killed vby 2011 Tsunami. A magnitude of 9.0 earthquake killed nearly 20 000 citizens from North east Japan. India also faced the terrible threat of Tsunami in 2004. The Indian Ocean Tsunami killed 230,000–280,000 people in 14 countries.