Sofia, May 24: The question about the birthplace of humankind is yet unknown. Scientists from around the world have allegedly said that Africa is the continent which saw the traces of the evolution of humankind 5 billion years ago. Even, Charles Darwin speculated that it was “probable” that Africa was the cradle of humans because our two closest living relatives—chimpanzees and gorillas—live there. But no concrete evidences have come our way to conclude that. However, scientists have traced the first hominid species to Europe some 7.2million years ago.
Researcher Nikolai Spassov from Bulgarian Academy of Sciences have said the creature, named Graecopithecus freybergi (El Graeco) likely saw the shift towards bipedalism to help find new food sources in eastern Europe’s open savanna.
Spassov said, “The food of the Graecopithecus was related to the rather dry and hard savanna vegetation, unlike that of the recent great apes which are living in forests. Therefore, like humans, he has wide molars and thick enamel.”
Lead researcher Professor Madelaine Bohme from University of Tübingen said computer tomography helped visualise the internal structures of the fossils, which showed the roots of an upper premolar tooth were fused — this led to the conclusion the species was a hominid.
As the Mediterranean Sea would periodically dry during this time, researchers believed the early hominids were able to pass between Europe and Africa.
Later, she said that our findings may eventually change our ideas about the origin of humanity. She personally doesn’t think that the descendants of Graecopithecus died out, they may have spread to Africa later.
Well, possibilities surround the whole topic of ‘birthplace of humankind” and it’ll take us more time to deduce the exact place. But to prove the ‘existence of humankind’, researchers need strong fossil evidences as several skulls and skeletons were found in Africa too.