New Delhi, May 25: India’s financial capital Mumbai along with Kota have been named among the world's most crowded in a list topped by Dhaka. Notably, the World Economic Forum (WEF) released the data which stated that Mumbai is the second most densely populated city with 31,700 people per sq km, whereas Kota in Rajasthan gains the seventh spot in the list with 12,100 people per square kilometer.
With a population density of 44,500 people per square kilometre, Dhaka, the capital of Bangladesh, is the most crowded city on the planet, followed by India's financial capital Mumbai and Kota. Others in the list include Medellin in Columbia ranked third with 19,700 people per square kilometre, Manila, Philippines (4th, 14,800), Casablanca, Morocco (5th, 14,200), Lagos, Nigeria (6th, 13,300), Singapore (8th, 10,200) and Jakarta, Indonesia (9th, 9,600).
WEF in its report also said that there are various reasons why vast numbers of people decide to settle in urban areas, but in the majority of cases it boils down to the simple fact that cities are where the work is. More than half of the world's population currently lives in urban areas and the United Nations (UN) expects that proportion to increase to 66 percent by 2050, with close to 90 percent of the increase concentrated in Asia and Africa.
Kibera, Africa's biggest slum, is just 5 km from Nairobi city centre and is infamous for its poverty and its metal shacks built millimetres away from railway lines, while Dharavi in Mumbai has a reported density of over 200,000 people per square kilometre, the report said. "There are clearly pros and cons to being a city dweller, although people's overall quality of life will always depend on where they can afford to live," it added.