India was in the shackles of ‘Slavery’ of English people, the demons whom we name as ‘Britishers’ who ripped our India, the people and looted us in every means. Many fierce personalities stood up for liberating India, and the massive evolution stirred when the Maharashtra stood up with the eminent leaders and freedom fighters like Veer Savarkar, Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Mahatma Jyotirao Phule, Baba Amte etc.
Today, back in 1883, the soul who had vision to bring freedom took birth in Nagpur. Veer Savarkar is the immortal personality who sacrificed himself struggling to bring freedom for India. His name was Vinayak Damodar Savarkar, was not just a freedom fighter but was also a bold warrior, good orator, prolific writer, a poet, a historian, a philosopher, a social worker, a cautious leader, a bard and staunch supporter of Freedom. Savarkar was an extremely brilliant, outspoken and confident school boy whose poems were accepted by well-known newspapers from Pune. His insatiable thirst for knowledge, excellent memory and the peculiar charm in his voice and gait impressed one and all.
Veer Savarkar (b. 28th May 1883), a visionary, revolutionary, patriot, a genius whose name is embossed in gold, not only in the history of India but also of the world! There are many litterateurs so also there are many revolutionaries; but there is only one who is both, Swatantryaveer Savarkar!
Veer Savarkar’s Life :
Veer Savarkar, dedicated his life in India's freedom from British rule, the young college students in Poona were charged by the speeches by the patriots and political leaders like Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Bhopatkar etc. The newspapers in Poona were also actively participating in creating anti-British atmosphere in the society and appealing society's feelings of Nationalism.
Savarkar was the uncrowned leader of the youth in this movement. In 1905 he burnt the imported clothes as a token of India's protest to imported clothes. In May 1904, he established an International Revolution Institute named "Abhinav Bharat". His instigating patriotic speeches and activities irritated the British Government. As a result his B.A. degree was withdrawn by the Government. In June 1906 he left for London to become Barrister.
However, once in London, he united and inflamed the Indian students in England against British. He believed in use of arms against the foreign rulers and created a network of Indians in England, equipped with weapons. Although he passed Barrister Examination in England, because of his anti-government activities, he was denied the Degree.
He was the prime inspiration for the Indian students to rise against British rule. The British Government Officers were waiting for some opportunity to arrest him. He was arrested in London on 13 March 1910 on some fabricated offenses. The case against him was to be heard by the court in India. So he was to be sent to India. During his travel in a ship, as the ship neared Marseilles in France, he jumped through a porthole and swam to the port. This was on 8 July 1910. As per the plan, his colleagues were to reach there beforehand. However, they reached late and he was caught by French Police. The French Government denied him asylum.
Litterateur Veer Savarkar gave a message to all Hindus as the President of Marathi Literary Meet held in the year 1938. In his presidential speech, Savarkar said, “Now, while concluding, I don’t see any alternative but to tell you that in the present condition of our country, priority of literature is second or third; so, all litterateurs need to ponder over the point ‘whether literature is meant for us or we are meant for literature. If literature is a constituent of our national life, then security, protection of our national life should be the prime concern and main goal of our literature. I do admire an artist who is immersed in his art; but when such artists, engrossed in their art, face a situation like their theatre catching fire, they will forget their art and first try to save their life; similarly, when the life of whole country is in danger, what is the use of literature in such situations?”
You should now discard your pens and pick up guns. Even if there is dearth of youth who do not write a single sonnet in next ten years; even if we do not hold such literary meets; there should be squads of 10,000 brave soldiers carrying new guns on their shoulders, marching on the roads of this country!
His death was like a true warrior. Death did not grab him, he approached death with erect head. Such a great revolutionary, visionary, author, playwright and poet Swatantyryaveer Savarkar left his physical body on 26th February 1966 at Mumbai by ‘Prayopveshan’. Indians will always bow before him with gratitude!