New Delhi, May 31: India after having a sufficient achievement in space study and research, the scientists are all agreed to take an additional leap in the theory of excellence in Science. The government is all set to launch ‘Deep Ocean Mission’ by January 2018, which will improve India’s position in ocean research field.
M Rajeevan, Secretary of Earth Sciences Ministry addressing the inauguration function of the workshop on ‘Three decades of India acquiring Pioneer Investor Status- Achievements and way forward’ on Tuesday said, “India achieved a lot in the field of ocean research; still it is the long way to go”. He also said, “It will not only involve the ministry but also other ministries like Department of Science and Technology and Department of Biotechnology”.
On 26 January 1981, the program on Polymetallic nodules was initiated at CSIR-NIO (Council of Scientific & Industrial Research- National Institute of Oceanography), where they collected the first nodule sample from the Arabian Sea on board the first Research Vessel Gaveshani.
In 1987, India became the first country in the world, which was provided with the Pioneer Area for exploration of deep-sea mineral viz. Polymetallic nodules in the Central Indian Ocean Basin. This was based on the extensive surveys carried out by the scientists of CSIR-NIO, on several research ships leading to the allocation of an area of 150,000 sq. km to the country with exclusive rights under the UN Law of the Sea.
Under Ministry of Earth Sciences financed the national program on Polymetallic nodules development of metal extraction process by CSIR-National Metallurgical Laboratory of Jamshedpur with CSIR- Institute fofMinerals and Metals Technology, Bhubaneswar and development of mining technology by National Institute of Ocean Technology, Chennai will Impact Assessment studies for nodule mining by CSIR-NIO
In light of the asset assessment, India has now held a zone of 75,000 sq km with an expected asset of around 100 million tons of vital metals such Copper, Nickel, Cobalt other than Manganese and Iron. A First Generation Mine-site (FGM) with a range of 18,000 sq km has been identified. Most recent innovations for extraction of metals from the minerals have additionally been created under the program. Itemized ecological information has been gathered for consistency with International Seabed Authorities prerequisites. Other than recognizing the mineral asset and creating innovations for mining and extraction, the program has brought about high impact research and also manpower development.