China aggression in Doklam is significant change of status quo, serious security implications: India
Source :News Bharati English   Date :30-Jun-2017

New Delhi, June 30: Taking serious note of China's irresponsible act of constructing roads in Doklam area in Bhutan, India has conveyed China that its acts represent a significant change of status quo with security implications for India. India has said that it is a "violation of a 2012 understanding", and will lead to "serious security implications."

China-India-Bhutan border

An Indian Foreign Ministry statement says that India is deeply concerned at the recent Chinese actions and has conveyed to the Chinese Government that such construction would represent a significant change of status quo with serious security implications for India.

Notably, as a fallout of the India-China clashes, the ongoing Kailash Mansarovar yatra through Nathu La in Sikkim has been cancelled.

MEA statement has laid all facts about China's sheer contempt of the International regulations. The Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs made a statement on 26 June 2017 alleging that Indian border troops crossed the boundary line in the Sikkim sector of the China-India boundary and entered Chinese territory. This has been reiterated since then in other Chinese official briefings.

On the other side, China has blamed India for the standoff claiming its Indiana's trespassing on Chinese land and asked for a meaningful dialogue between the two nations. China has ‘urged’ the Indian side to immediately pull back the border troops to the Indian side of the boundary. That is the precondition for any meaningful talks between the two sides aiming at resolving the issue.

What actually happened?

On 16 June, a PLA construction party entered the Doklam area and attempted to construct a road. It is our understanding that a Royal Bhutan Army patrol attempted to dissuade them from this unilateral activity. The Ambassador of the Royal Government of Bhutan (RGOB) has publicly stated that it lodged a protest with the Chinese Government through their Embassy in New Delhi on 20 June.

Construction of the road inside Bhutanese territory

Yesterday, the Foreign Ministry of Bhutan has also issued a statement underlining that the construction of the road inside Bhutanese territory is a direct violation of the 1988 and 1998 agreements between Bhutan and China and affects the process of demarcating the boundary between these two countries. They have urged a return to the status quo as before 16 June 2017.

In coordination with the Bhutan Government, Indian personnel, who were present at general area Doka La, approached the Chinese construction party and urged them to desist from changing the status quo.

The matter has been under discussion between India and China at the diplomatic level in the Foreign Ministries since then, both in New Delhi and Beijing. It was also the subject of a Border Personnel Meeting at Nathu La on 20 June.

China’s expansionist mindset

Notably the Chinese Foreign Ministry official Ku Lang yesterday claimed that Doklam has been a part of China since ancient times. “That is an indisputable fact supported by historical and jurisprudential evidence and the ground situation. China's activities in Doklam are acts of sovereignty on its own territory. It is completely justified and lawful,” Ku Lang said.

Chinese Spokesperson also displayed some pictures as a proof showing the trespass of the Indian border troops at the Sikkim section.

China claims that Indian soldiers and vehicles have overstepped the crest which is defined as the boundary and entered Chinese territory.

Tri-junction boundary points between India, China and third countries

In this context, the Indian side has underlined that the two Governments had in 2012 reached agreement that the tri-junction boundary points between India, China and third countries will be finalised in consultation with the concerned countries. Any attempt, therefore, to unilaterally determine tri-junction points is in violation of this understanding.

in 2012 reconfirming their mutual agreement on the "basis of the alignment”, India and China had reached an understanding regarding the boundary in the Sikkim sector. Further discussions regarding finalisation of the boundary have been taking place under the Special Representatives framework.

MEA says that India has consistently taken a positive approach to the settlement of its own boundary with China, along with the associated issue of the tri-junctions.

India cherishes peace and tranquillity

India cherishes peace and tranquillity in the India-China border areas says the MEA statement commenting that “It has not come easily”. India has expressed commitment to working with China to find a peaceful resolution of all issues in the border areas through dialogue.