New Delhi, June 8: Agriculture plays a very important role in Indian Economy, empowerment of farmers that is why equally important. “National Workshop on Empowerment of Farmers of Tribal Areas” was held yesterday in Delhi. Agriculture and Farmers Welfare Minister, Radha Mohan Singh and Minister of Tribal Affairs, Jual Oram were present in the occasion. Agriculture Minister said that Tribal farmers submitted more than 5,000 plant varieties through KVKs for registration at Protection of Plant Variety and Farmers Rights Authority.
The tribals have exceptional knowledge of climate suitable varieties. They live in the same area for ages, roam around the forests and live in close contact with nature. That has provided them knowledge of flora and fauna of that area which even experts envy.
New technological innovations in agriculture must reach to the fields of tribal areas. Technology is mandatory nowadays but natural farming cannot be undermined for that. The introduction of integrated farming, new techniques of rain-fed agriculture, and appropriate technologies for water conservation along with new techniques for irrigation, agriculture equipment, and line sowing should be considered in the tribal areas. To make the developmental modules more realistic it should be in mind that landholdings of tribal farmers are small therefore the proposed techniques should be suitable for these small farm holdings.
Indian Agricultural Research Institutes put effort to improve the social condition of tribal areas. Two new Indian Agricultural Research Institutes being established in Assam and Jharkhand states. Similarly, 6 colleges were established in Northeastern India. Ten new Krishi Vigyan Kendras were also opened in these areas. All the institutes of ICAR are allotted certain budget for working in the areas of crop production, horticulture, animal husbandry, fisheries etc tribal areas. The scientists of the Central Island Agricultural Research Institute working at Andaman and Nicobar Islands are struggling with the tribal farmers.