New Delhi, July 19: India as we all know is based on the concrete foundation of Ayurveda and ancient medicinal systems. Ayurveda is the only traditional Hindu system of medicine which incorporates all the knowledge from 4 Vedas. To preserve the traditional medical knowledge and the hygiene of more than 2 billion people of India, the government gave birth to the Traditional Knowledge Digital Library in 2003. TKDL protects wrongful patents of traditional medicinal knowledge at International Patent Offices. It also disperses knowledge on public domain in a digitized format. And up until recently, government has taken stricter actions on preserving all the data that our ancestors passed on to us.
Till date, 3,35,260 formulations have been transcribed, 220 wrongful patent filings have been prevented and 12 patent offices have been provided access to TKDL database. Under this scheme of TKDL, all the funds are directed to CSIR and not any state. This regulates the misuse of funds and undue advantage of traditional and hundreds of years of archaic knowledge.
Besides setting up of TKDL, Yoga has since been inscribed in UNESCO’s representative list of Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity. Indian Patent Office has also brought out guidelines for processing Patent Applications relating to traditional knowledge and biological material to help patent examiner to analyze what constitutes novelty and inventive step in traditional knowledge (TK) related invention.
Factually, TKDL has overcome the language and format barrier by scientifically converting and structuring the available contents of the ancient texts on Indian Systems of Medicines i.e. Ayurveda, Siddha, Unani and Yoga, into five international languages, namely, English, Japanese, French, German and Spanish. Anyone across the world can refer to the prestigious and precious knowledge of Indian Traditional Medicinal Systems.