New Delhi, July 25: The climate change in the world is quite evident in front of us. The Atlantic icebergs melting, sea level rising, extinction of exotic animals, absurd climate change and other such effects have started showing up already. According to IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change), 3.2 mm/year was seen in the rise of the sea level from 1993-2010.Following the drastic climate change, India comes up with certain initiatives to improve the situation of the global warming.
1. A high-priority programme has been launched to address the science issues of Global and Regional Climate Change with state-of-the-art centre in Pune. Centre for Climate Change Research will study the interdisciplinary research and training in the area of science and climate change.
2. Development of Earth System Model (ESM) has been taken up for generating future climate change scenarios. Currently, CCCR is leading “Co-ordinated Regional Downscaling Experiment (CORDEX)” for the South Asian region under the aegis of the World Climate Research Program (WCRP) of the World Meteorological Organisation (WMO). The CORDEX program provides an important framework for a co-ordinated set of downscaled regional climate simulations for both the historical past and future decades. Training workshops are also conducted for end-users, stakeholders in the South Asian region.
3. The National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC) released in 2008 outlines eight missions in specific areas of Solar Energy, Enhanced Energy Efficiency, Sustainable Habitat, Water, Sustaining the Himalayan Ecosystem, Green India, Sustainable Agriculture and Strategic knowledge for Climate Change. Eight National Missions form the core of the National Action Plan, representing multipronged, long term and integrated strategies for achieving key goals in the context of climate change.
These initiatives were written down by the Ministry of Science and Technology. To protect the environment and monitoring the climate change, government has been coming up with various research centres.