Thiruvananthapuram, July 25: In order to observe cloud and rain processes over the region with state of the art observations, a high altitude cloud physics observatory has been established at Munnar, Kerala, in the Western Ghats, the region which is a gateway for the monsoon of India.
Allowing better characterization of rainfall processes in the numerical models used for prediction of monsoon rainfall, such facility will enable understanding of rainfall distribution and will allow better characterization of rainfall processes in the numerical models used for prediction of monsoon rainfall.
It is expected that long term monitoring of cloud and rainfall processes will enable for accurate representation of cloud micro-physical process in forecast models to improve over all skill of rainfall prediction for severe weather phenomena viz, heavy rainfall, thunderstorm etc., not only over Kerala but for the whole country.
For the establishment of the laboratory an amount of Rs. 10 Crore is allocated.
To study the monsoon cloud microphysics process modulated by the Western Ghats only, High altitude cloud physics laboratories are functional at Mahabaleshwar (Konkan) and Munnar (Kerala). Hence no such additional facilities are planned.
To assess the possible impacts on the four sectors viz. agriculture, water, forests and health and associated ecosystem, studies were undertaken in four climate sensitive regions of the country, viz. Himalayan Region, Western Ghats, North Eastern Region, Coastal Areas.
A Report entitled, Climate Change & India: A 4X4 Assessment – A Sectoral and Regional Assessment of Impact of Climate Change in the 2030s, has been released by the Government during November 2010 under the aegis of the Indian Network for Climate Change Assessment (INCCA).