London, July 26: Pollution has started depleting the ozone layer and escalated the global warming in the world. Taking the pollution issue into serious consideration, Britain government has announced to ban the sale of petrol and diesel cars from 2040 in a bid to encourage people to switch into electric and hybrid vehicles.
Ministers in the Parliament have identified 81 major cities and 17 towns and cities where urgent action is required because they are breaching the EU emissions standards resulting into people’s health at risk. The government has been under pressure to take measures to reduce air pollution after losing legal cases brought by campaign groups. Local authorities would be able to charge levies on the drivers of the diesel vehicles on the most polluted roads from 2020, if air quality does not improve.
The Government is concerned that motorists were encouraged to buy diesel vehicles under Labour more than a decade ago because of concerns at the time over carbon emissions. A new analysis found that 48 of the most polluted roads are in London. Others have been identified in Birmingham, Derby, Leeds, Nottingham, Southampton, Bristol, Bolton, Manchester, Bury, Coventry, Newcastle, Sheffield, Belfast, Cardiff and Middlesborough.
The number of diesel vehicles on Britain's roads has risen from 3.2 million in 2000 to more than 10 million today after the Labour Government slashed fuel duty on diesel cars in a drive to reduce carbon dioxide emissions. Ministers will provide an extra £255million to help councils implement their plans, which could come into force as soon as 2020.