Shillong, July 27: Owing to its diverse and unique flora and fauna, Meghalaya retained its title “Cradle of Flowery Plants”. Today Meghalaya Minister Ronnie V Lyngdoh said that the state is an important part of the Indo-Burman biodiversity hotspot and reiterated on the need to conserve and protect the varied species of flowers.
While addressing the 2nd Indo-Bangladesh Dialogue on Transition of Boundary Conservation of Elephants at the State Convention Centre on Thursday, Soil and Water Conservation Minister RV Lyngdoh asserted that Meghalaya is home to a large number of primitive flowery plants adding that over 3128 species of flower plants are found in the state, hence contributing about 18 percent of the total flora of the country.
“The natural forests of Meghalaya and the presence of a variety of species of flowery plants have prompted many botanists to call it the ‘cradle of flowery plants'”, said Lyngdoh adding that more than 1,235 species of orchids belong to Meghalaya.
Lyngdoh also mentioned that more than 79 percent of geographical areas of the state is covered with forests and trees adding that apart from flowery plants, the is also home to a wide variety of cultivatable plants, eatable fruits, vegetables.
Meanwhile, Lyngdoh also highlighted the need to come up with a solution to minimize the human-elephant conflict in the state.
It may be mentioned that the North Eastern and Eastern Regional of India bordering Bangladesh are important habitats of Asian Elephant. The Elephant Range States in these regions include Assam, Meghalaya, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, West Bengal and Tripura.
These States are home to more than 9000 wild elephants out of which 1800 elephants are found in Meghalaya alone. The estimated population of wild elephants in Bangladesh is around 200.