Source: News Bharati English07 Jul 2017 14:41:20

Geneva, July 7: Antibiotics are the most common drug in the world to fight infections caused by bacteria in both humans and animals. Antibiotics fight these infections either by killing the bacteria or making it difficult for the bacteria to grow and multiply. But recently due to the mutational change in Bacteria, Antibiotic resistance is increasing. In addition to that, the lifestyle, bad habits are also leaving an impressionable effect. Doctors usually suggest an antibiotic course for various infections. But patients often stop it in the middle of the course leading them to antibiotic resistance.  A recent report of WHO says that antibiotic resistance is making gonorrhea much harder to treat.

Data was excerpted from 77 countries. "The bacteria that cause gonorrhea are particularly smart. Every time we use a new class of antibiotics to treat the infection, the bacteria evolve to resist them," said Dr. Teodora Wi, Medical Officer, Human Reproduction, at WHO.

Especially, the older and cheaper antibiotic are working much less. In high-income countries, it has been observed that there are infections totally unbeatable by the all known antibiotics. In lower income countries, gonorrhea is actually more common.

Gonorrhea is a bacterial sexually transmitted infection (STI). Being a very painful infection it can cause serious health problems. Anyone who’s sexually active can easily get and pass on gonorrhea. Gonorrhea is most commonly spread through unprotected (without a condom) vaginal or anal sex oral sex. Lack of awareness is a very important reason causing this sexually transmitted disease. Signs and symptoms can show up 1–14 days after coming into contact with gonorrhea, many months later, or not until the infection spreads to other parts of the body.

Each year, an estimated 78 million people are infected with gonorrhea. Gonorrhea can infect the genitals, rectum, and throat. Complications of gonorrhea disproportionally affect women, including pelvic inflammatory disease, ectopic pregnancy, and infertility, as well as an increased risk of HIV. Decreasing condom use, increased urbanization and travel, poor infection detection rates, and inadequate or failed treatment all contribute to this increase.

Lack of awareness is a very important reason causing this sexually transmitted disease. Gonorrhea can be prevented through safer sexual behavior, in particular, consistent and correct condom use. Information, education, and communication can promote and enable safer sex practices, improve people’s ability to recognize the symptoms of gonorrhea and other sexually transmitted infections, and increase the likelihood they will seek care.

“Specifically, we need new antibiotics, as well as rapid, accurate, point-of-care diagnostic tests – ideally, ones that can predict which antibiotics will work on that particular infection – and longer term, a vaccine to prevent gonorrhea.” said Dr. Marc Sprenger, Director of Antimicrobial Resistance at WHO.