Sana’a, August 14: Yemen is been suffering from a dual attack, one is from massive civil war and another one from the outbreak of cholera. The total number of suspected cholera cases in Yemen this has reached to 5,32,000 while 1998 people have died since the outbreak began to spread rapidly at the end of April.
All governorates have been affected, except Socotra as 92% parts of Yemen are suffering from Cholera. Children and the elderly are the hardest hit: more than 41% of the suspected cases since the outbreak and a quarter of the deaths are children, while old people represent 30% of fatalities.
Yemen’s four most affected governorates are Amanat Al Asimah, Al Hudaydah, Amran and Hajjah with 50% of the cases reported since 27 April 2017. Amran and Al Mahwit governorates had the highest attack rates and Raymah governorate the highest case fatality ratio. At least 5000 people per day are infected and affected due to cholera.
Interestingly, Yemen's cholera epidemic, which the largest in the world, has spread rapidly due to deteriorating hygiene and sanitation conditions and disruptions to the water supply across the country. Millions of people are cut off from clean water, and the waste collection has ceased in major cities.
As many as 15.7 million people can no longer access clean water and sanitation because the infrastructure is disrupted or damaged. More than thirty thousand health workers have been working day and night are paid erratically or not at all for almost a year, which has greatly affected services through absenteeism and reduced commitment.
Meanwhile, Saudi Arabia is installing four cranes at three major ports of Yemen to bring a massive boost in humanitarian aid deliveries as the country is badly affected by the outbreak of cholera and civil war.
In 2011, some 719,377 suspected cases of cholera were recorded in Haiti, and 8,767 people died, according to national figures cited by the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Interestingly, an epidemic late last year faded but outbreaks are frequent and made worse by the degrading of health and sanitation systems by more than two years of civil war that has also killed at least 10,000 people and displaced millions.