Shillong, August 24: Around 21.17 Lakh people are living with HIV in India, whereas the northeastern region has around 63,000 people living with HIV, according to the data presented by the National AIDS Control Organisation (NACO) on Wednesday. The report was presented by National AIDS Control Organisation (NACO) during the North East Regional Review meeting which was held at the State Convention Centre.
As per the data of NACO, around 6.54% out of the 21.17 Lakh people belong to age group of below 15 years even as the HIV infections among female is around 40.5%.
As per the data, adult HIV prevalence is estimated at 0.30% among males and at 0.22% among females in 2015. Three NE states have the highest estimated adult HIV prevalence with Manipur has the highest HIV prevalence of 1.15% followed by Mizoram and Nagaland at 0.80 percent and 0.78%.
Even though the technical report of the India HIV Estimations 2015 revealed there is a steady decline from an estimated peak of 0.38 percent in 2001-03 through 0.34 percent in 2007 and 0.28 percent in 2012 to 0.26 percent in 2015.
Declining trends in adult HIV prevalence are sustained in all of the high prevalence States which include Andhra Pradesh & Telangana, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Manipur, Nagaland, Tamil Nadu, Goa, Odisha and West Bengal. It was revealed that the stable adult HIV prevalence has been noted in states such as Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Gujarat, Mizoram, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh.
However, rising trends in adult HIV prevalence has been observed in some of the hitherto relatively low prevalence states and union territories like Assam, Chandigarh, Delhi, Jharkhand, Punjab, Tripura and Uttarakhand.
The data of the India HIV Estimations 2015, states that the country had around 86 thousand new HIV infections in 2015, showing 66% decline in new infections from 2000 and 32% decline from 2007-the year set as the baseline in the National AIDS Control Programme-IV.
Meanwhile, in his inaugural address, Additional Secretary, Ministry of Health and Director General, NACO, Sanjeeva Kumar, said that there is a silver lining with regards to HIV in the north east since the civil society in the region is strong. “This part of the country has the strong sense of community, therefore, there is a need to leverage the schemes to get maximum result from the community,” Kumar said.