Sana’a, August 14: The death toll in Yemen has reached to 2,016 while suspected cholera cases have reached to 5,54,197 due to the massive outbreak of cholera in the whole country since April 2017. Yemen continues to suffer from dual attack i.e civil war and another one from the outbreak of cholera. At least 3000 people per day are infected and affected due to cholera.
The International community such as World Health Organization and United Nations are working hard in the country to get rid of cholera but are failed due to lack of medicines, resources and clean water. Yemen's cholera epidemic, which the largest in the world, has spread rapidly due to deteriorating hygiene and sanitation conditions and disruptions to the water supply across the country. Millions of people are cut off from clean water, and the waste collection has ceased in major cities.
The whole country is suffering very badly due to cholera. 22 out of 23 governorates except for Socotra i.e 96% while 300 out of 333 districts i.e 90% are affected by cholera. Children and the elderly are the hardest hit: more than 41% of the suspected cases since the outbreak and a quarter of the deaths are children, while old people represent 30% of fatalities.
Yemen’s four most affected governorates are Amanat Al Asimah, Al Hudaydah, Amran and Hajjah with 50% of the cases reported since 27 April 2017. Amran and Al Mahwit governorates had the highest attack rates and Raymah governorate the highest case fatality ratio.
Meanwhile, Saudi-led forces conducted a series of air strikes in different parts of Yemen which is controlled by Houthi rebels in which 71 civilians were killed and many others were injured. On the other side, Saudi Arabia is installing four cranes at three major ports of Yemen to bring a massive boost in humanitarian aid deliveries as the country is badly affected by the outbreak of cholera and civil war.
With an aim to provide immediate relief to the affected ones the World Health Organization (WHO) has delivered 40 interagency emergency health kits and 7 trauma kits to main hospitals in Sanaa, Amran, Mahweet and Dhamar in Yemen. Interagency Emergency Health Kit is sufficient to treat 10k patients while 1 trauma kit is enough for 100 patients requiring surgical care.
In 2011, some 719,377 suspected cases of cholera were recorded in Haiti, and 8,767 people died, according to national figures cited by the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs. Interestingly, an epidemic late last year faded but outbreaks are frequent and made worse by the degrading of health and sanitation systems by more than two years of civil war that has also killed at least 10,000 people and displaced millions.