New Delhi, September 3: Indians are keen to work out of the country due to higher incomes and Saudi Arabia, UAE and the United States are important destinations. But looking at the expenses and income Indians mostly prefer to work in Saudi Arabia, UAE. However, UAE has becomes the largest market for employment of Indians in the Gulf while people from Bihar emerged as the state to have sent the maximum number of migrants to the Gulf countries.
A statistics from the Ministry of External Affairs indicate that the total of only 1.84 lakh immigration clearances has been obtained by people seeking to move to the GCC countries during the first half of 2017. The total number of immigration clearances given during 2016 was 5.07 lakh, registering a decline of 33 percent as compared to the previous calendar year.
During the first half of the year 2017, Bihar emerged as the state to have sent the maximum number of migrants to the Gulf countries. Bihar overtook Uttar Pradesh, sending 35,807 migrants to the Gulf, as compared to the 33,043 people leaving UP. In 2015, out of the total 7.58 lakh Indian migrants to the Gulf, 31 percent belonged to UP while only 14 percent were from Bihar.
On the other side, Kerala is no longer the state sending the most number of workers to GCC countries. In the first half of this year, Kerala’s ranking has moved up to the seventh place, with 8,995 immigration clearances making up about 5 per cent of the immigration clearances across India. While, Kerala was at the eighth spot in 2016 and 2015, with 24,962 and 42,731 migrants, respectively, coming from the state, making for 4.9% and 5.6%, respectively, of the total figures from the country.
Interestingly, the data for the first half of 2017 also reveals that the United Arab Emirates has overtaken Saudi Arabia as the preferred destination for Indian workers moving to the Gulf. Until June this year, around 74,778 Indians were granted work permit for UAE while 32,995 Indians departed for Saudi in search of work.
Also, India has fixed wages of carpenters and other labours which are Saudi Riyal 1,700 per month. The amount is higher as compared to Nepal and Philippines.