Modi Sarkar introduced schemes as necessary pre-conditions of perspective long-term plans: Read Here
Source :NewsBharati   Date :16-Apr-2018

PART 2 of 

EXCELLENT NATIONAL SCHEMES; BUT TEN APATHETIC CRUMBLING CURVES HINDERING NATION BUILDING

The new Indian government which assumed power in May 2014, launched the following welfare schemes since then, during the next four years.It is important to note that most of these schemes were introduced as necessary pre-conditions of the perspective long-term plans.

These were essential parts for the future successes. For example, the ‘Jan-dhan Yojana’ where under, every citizen of any financial stature was entitled to open his accounts in a bank with zero balance and the bank was obliged to do the same.

In the light of the above, a brief mention of the 111Schemes, Missions and Special programmes launched and administered by the new Government between May 2014 and December 2017, as enumerated above, the following classification of various development programmes and Schemes and political initiatives came to emerge in the fields encompassing--.

( a ) Economic field, ( b ) Public Health Sector , ( c ) Social Service and Welfare Sector , ( d ) Urban Development Sector , ( e ) Legislative Initiative, ( f ) Agricultural Sector, ( g ) Economic: Poverty Eradication Programmes,( h ) Digitalisation Projects, ( I ) Cultural Sector, ( j ) Army-Defence Sector, ( k ) Infrastructural Planning and Projects:, ( l ) Sports Field,( m ) Rural DevelopmentSector , ( n )National Security Field , ( o ) Educational Sector ( p ) Economic Banking Sector , ( q )Economic: Industrial Growth, ( r )Social Welfare Projects,( s ) Planning Process- articulating the new “NITI AYOG”.

It is also important to note that some of the schemes were merged with the earlier ones to avoid unnecessary losses or avoid duplication. The schemes were classified as following :

A. Economic Field

1. Skill India was launched on 16 July 2015. Main Objective is to train over 40 crore people in India in different skills by 2022.

2. DeenDayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana (DDUGKY) was launched on 25 July 2015. Main Objective is to achieve inclusive growth, by developing skills and productive capacity of the rural youth from poor families.

3. Pandit Deendayal Upadhyay Shramev Jayate Yojana (PDUSJY) was launched on 16 October 2014. Main Objective is to consolidate information on Labour Inspection and its enforcement through a unified web portal, which will lead to transparency and accountability in inspections.

4. Gold Monetisation Schemes was launched on 04 November 2015. The main Objective was to reduce the reliance on gold imports over time.

5. Integrated Power Development Scheme (IPDS) was launched on 18 September 2015Main Objective is to ensure 24/7 power for all.

6. ‘Prakash Path’ – ‘Way to Light’ – The National LED Programme was launched on 05 January 2015. Main Objective is to distribute LED bulbs and decrease the power consumption.

7. UJWAL Discom Assurance Yojana (UDAY) was launched on 20 November 2015.Main Objective is to obtain operational and financial turnaround of State-owned Power Distribution Companies (DISCOMs).

8. PAHAL-Direct Benefits Transfer for LPG (DBTL) Consumers Scheme was launched on01 January 2015. Main Objective is to send the subsidy money of LPG cylinders directly into the bank accounts of the consumers and increase efficiency & transparency in the whole system.

9. PradhanMantri Ujjwala Yojana was launched on 1 May 2016. Main Objective is to distribute free LPG connections to the women belonging to 5 Crore BPL families across the country.

10. National Apprenticeship Promotion Scheme: The Union Government has launched the National Apprenticeship Promotion Scheme (NAPS) on 19th August 2016 to promote apprenticeship training and incentivize employers who wish to engage apprentices.

11. SwayamPrabha: Government has approved a project to launch the ‘SWAYAM Prabha’-a project for operationalising 32 Direct to Home (DTH) Television Channels for providing high-quality educational content to all teachers, students and citizens across the country interested in lifelong learning. There will be the new content of four hours every day, which would be telecast six times a day allowing the student to choose the time of his/her convenience.

12. Demonetisation was ordered on 8th November 2016 whereby Rs.500 and Rs.1000 high-value currency notes were declared illegal.

13. Lucky Grahak Yojana : NITI Aayog announces the launch of the schemes Lucky GrahakYojana and the Digi-धन VyaparYojana to give cash awards to consumers and merchants who utilize digital payment instruments for personal consumption expenditures. The scheme especially focuses on bringing the poor, lower middle class and small businesses into the digital payment fold.

14. Universal Basic Income Scheme

15. Insurance Scheme for Jan Dhan Account Holders

16. Sankalp Se Siddhi – New India Movement from 2017 – 2022- The New IndiaMovement 2017-2022 envisages an India free of Poverty, Corruption, Terrorism, Communalism, Casteism and Un-cleanliness.

17. Power Tex India Scheme- The Government has launched PowerTex India, a comprehensive scheme for power loom sector development, simultaneously at over 45 locations in the country.

B. Public Health Sector

1. SAMPADA Scheme for Food Processing Sector- The SAMPADA (Scheme ForAgro-Marine Processing And Development Of Agro-Processing Clusters) is a comprehensive package to give a renewed thrust to the food processing sector in the country. It includes new schemes of Infrastructure for Agro-processing Clusters, Creation of Backward and Forward Linkages and Creation / Expansion of Food Processing ; Preservation Capacities aim at development of modern infrastructure to encourage entrepreneurs to set up food processing units based on cluster approach, provide effective and seamless backward and forward integration for processed food industry by plugging gaps in supply chain and creation of processing and preservation capacities and modernization/ expansion of existing food processing units.

2. Rs. 6000/- Pregnancy Aid Scheme for Women – "The scheme will be applicable over 650 districts of the country. Under this scheme a pregnant woman will be provided with Rs 6,000 for covering hospital admission, vaccination and nutritional food," said Modi in his special address to the nation on New Year's Eve. "The money will be directly transferred to pregnant women bank accounts.

3. AMRIT (Affordable Medicines and Reliable Implants for Treatment): With the aim to reduce the expenditure incurred by patients on the treatment of cancer and heart diseases, the Union Minister for Health & Family Welfare, Shri J P Nadda inaugurated the Affordable Medicines and Reliable Implants for Treatment (AMRIT) outlet at AIIMs. The retail outlet will sell drugs for the two ailments at highly discounted rates at the All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) to begin with.

4. Urja Ganga: The scheme is directed to provide piped cooking gas to the households of Varanasi within next two years and to millions of others in neighbour states after one more year.[3] The government also plans to create 25 industrial clusters in these states which can utilise the gas as fuel and generate employment in these areas.

5. Saur Sujala Yojana: The Centre is taking all necessary measures to promote farmers, villager and poor people; Under the scheme, solar-powered irrigation pumps of 3HP and 5HP capacity worth Rs 3.5 lakh and Rs 4.5 lakh respectively would be distributed to the farmers by March 31, 2019. The beneficiaries would get the pumps at the subsidised price.

6. National Health Protection Scheme : A New Health Protection Scheme to provide health cover up to Rs.1 lakh per family announced National Dialysis Services Programme to be launched 3000 Stores to be opened under Prime Minister’s Jan AushadhiYojana during 2016-17

7. Mission Bhagiratha in Telangana, Siddipet Comprehensive Drinking Water Scheme (tap to each household) conceived and implemented in the year 1996 by the then MLA of Siddipetand present Honourable Chief Minister Shri K. Chandrasekhar Rao. Comprehensive drinking water grid is implemented in Gujarat state by the then Chief Minister and present Honourable Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi.

8. Smart Ganga City: Union Ministers M. Venkaiah Naidu and Uma Bharti jointly launched ‘Smart Ganga City’ programme in 10 cities located along Ganga to set up Sewage Treatment Plants (STPs) and improve drainage network there on hybrid annuity mode on a public-private partnership basis.

9. TB-Mission 2020, was launched on 28th October 2014, to eliminate tuberculosis from India by 2020.

10. NamamiGange Project was launched on 10 July 2014. Main Objective is to integrate the efforts to clean and protect the Ganga river in a comprehensive manner.

11. Pradhan Mantri Khanij Kshetra Kalyan Yojana (PMKKKY) was launched on 17 September 2015. Main Objective is to Safeguard Health, Environment and Economic Conditions of the Tribals.

12. National Bal Swachhta Mission was launched on 14 November 2014. Main Objective is to provide the hygienic and clean environment, food, drinking water, toilets, schools and other surroundings to the children.

13. Mission Indradhanush has launched: 25 December 2014. Main Objectives to immunize all children as well as pregnant women against seven vaccine preventable diseases namely diphtheria, whooping cough (Pertussis), tetanus, polio, tuberculosis, measles and hepatitis B by 2020.

14. Pradhan Mantri Jan AushadhiYojana (PMJAY) was launched in March 2016. Main Objectives to provide drugs/medicines at affordable cost across the country.

15. Swachh Bharat Abhiyan was launched on 2 October 2014. Main Objective is to fulfil Mahatma Gandhi’s dream of a clean and hygienic India.

16. Pradhan Mantri Suraksha BimaYojana (PMSBY) was launched on 9 May 2015. Main Objectives to provide accidental insurance cover to all Indian citizens

C. Social Service and Welfare Sector

1. Pradhan Mantri Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana (PMSSY) was launched on 22 January 2015. Main Objective is to secure the future of girl child

2. Beti Bachao, BetiPadhaoYojana has launched: 22 January 2015. Main Objective is to generate awareness and improving the efficiency of welfare services meant for women.

3. Vidyanjali Yojana is a school volunteer programme and an initiative of the Ministry of Human Resource Development of India to boost community and private sector participation in government schools, launched in June 2016. Under the programme, volunteers, including NRIs, retired teachers, government officials, defence personnel, professionals will offer their services for co-scholastic activities for children from class I to VIII.

4. Samajik Aadhikarita Shivir was conducted in 2017 by the Union Government to provide assistive devices to a group of specially-abled citizens.

5. Shala Asmita Yojana (SAY) aims to track the educational journey of close to 25 crore school students from Class I to Class XII across 15 lakh schools in the country. In other words, this online database will carry information about student attendance and enrolment, mid-day meal service, learning outcomes and infrastructural facilities, among other things, on one platform for both private and government schools. Asmita stands for All School Monitoring, Individual Tracing Analysis.

6. Pradhan Mantri Yuva Yojana: The scheme spans over five years (2016-17 to 2020-21) with a project cost of Rs. 499.94 crore, and will provide entrepreneurship education and training to over 7 lakh students in 5 years through 3050 Institutes. It will also include easy access to information and mentor network, credit, incubator and accelerator and advocacy to create a pathway for the youth.

7. Sankalp Se Siddhi – New India Movement from 2017 – 2022- The New IndiaMovement 2017-2022 envisages an India free of Poverty, Corruption, Terrorism, Communalism, Casteism and Un-cleanliness.

D. Urban Development Sector

1. Visiting Advanced Joint Research (VAJRA) Faculty Scheme- The Science and Engineering Research Board (SERB), a Statutory body of the Department of Science and Technology (DST) has recently launched a ‘Visiting Advanced Joint Research (VAJRA) Faculty Scheme’ to connect the Indian academic and research and development (R;D) systems to the best of global science and scientists for a sustained international collaborative research. The scheme offers adjunct/visiting faculty assignments to overseas scientists, faculty members and R&D professionals including Non-resident Indians (NRI) and Overseas Citizen of India (OCI) to undertake high quality collaborative research in cutting-edge areas of science and technology including interdisciplinary areas of priority such as energy, water, health, security, nutrition, materials and manufacturing, etc. with one or more Indian collaborators of public funded academic and research institutions of India.

2. Pravasi Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PKVY) – This is the flagship scheme for skill training of youth to be implemented by the new Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship through the National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC). The scheme will cover 24 lakh persons. Skill training would be done based on the National Skill Qualification Framework (NSQF) and industry-led standards. Under the scheme, a monetary reward is given to trainees on assessment and certification by third-party assessment bodies. The average monetary reward would be around Rs.8000 per trainee.

3. Bharat National Car Assessment Program (Bharat-NCAP): The Bharat New Vehicle Safety Assessment Program (BNVSAP) is a proposed New Car Assessment Program for India. Cars sold in the country will be assigned by star ratings based on their safety performance

4. RERA: In order to protect and enhance the interests of the common man, a Union law was brought about, titled as - The Real Estate (Regulation and Development) Act, 2016. It was legislated by the Union Government to establish the Real Estate Regulatory Authority for regulation and promotion of the real estate sector and to ensure sale of plot, apartment of building, as the case may be, or sale of real estate project, in an efficient and transparent manner and to protect the interest of consumers in the real estate sector and to establish an adjudicating mechanism for speedy dispute redressal and also to establish the Appellate Tribunal to hear appeals from the decisions, directions or orders of the Real Estate Regulatory Authority and the adjudicating officer and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.

5. Vikalp Scheme has launched: 01 November 2015. The main Objective is for confirmed accommodation in next alternative train for the waitlisted passengers.

6. Shyama Prasad Mukherji Rurban Mission was launched on 21 February 2016.Main Objective is to create 300 rural clusters across the country and strengthen financial, job, and lifestyle facilities in rural areas.

7. Smart City Mission was launched on 25 June 2015. Main Objectives to develop 100 cities all over the country making them citizen friendly and sustainable

8. Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT) was launched on 24 June 2015.Main Objective is to provide basic services (e.g. water supply, sewerage, urban transport) to households and build amenities in cities which will improve the quality of life for all, especially the poor and the disadvantaged.

9. Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (PMAY) was launched on 25 June 2015. Main Objective is to achieve housing for all by the year 2022, 2 crores in Urban and 3 Crore homes in Rural areas.

E. Legislative Initiative

1. Sansad Adarsh Gram Yojana (SAGY) was launched on 11 October 2014. Main Objective is to social, cultural, economic, infrastructure developments in the villages, i.e. development of model villages called “Adarsh Gram”

F. Agricultural Sector

1. Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY) was launched on 11 October 2014. Main Objective is to provide insurance cover to rabi and Kharif crops and financial support to farmers in case of damage to crops.

2. Pradhan Mantri Gram SinchaiYojana (PMGSY) was launched on 01 July 2015. The main Objective is irrigating the field of every farmer and improving water use efficiency to provide `Per Drop More Crop’.

3. Kisan Vikas Patra was launched on 3 March 2015 (Re-Launched). Main Objective is to provide safe and secure investment avenues to the small investors.

4. Soil Health Card Scheme was launched on 17 February 2015. Main Objective is to help farmers to improve productivity from their farms by letting them know about nutrient/fertilizer requirements for their farms.

5. Rashtriya Gokul Mission was launched on 16 December 2014.Main Objective is to conserve and develop indigenous bovine breeds.

G. Economic: Poverty Eradication Programmes

1. Pradhan Mantri Garib KalyanYojanay (PMGKY) was launched in April 2015. Main Objective is to implement the pro-poor welfare schemes in a more effective way and reaches out to more poor population across the country.

2. Pradhan Mantri Rojgar Protsahan Yojana (PMRPY): A new scheme “Pradhan Mantri RojgarProtsahan Yojana”(PMRPY) has been announced in the Budget for 2016-17 with the objective of promoting employment generation and an allocation of Rs. 1000 crores have been made. The scheme is being implemented by the Ministry of Labour and Employment in 2016-17. Under the scheme, employers would be provided with an incentive for enhancing employment by reimbursement of the 8.33% EPS contribution made by the employer in respect of new employment. The PMRPY scheme is targeted for workers earning wages uptoRs. 15,000/- per month. Publicity and awareness campaign is an integral component of the PMRPY scheme for encouraging employers including Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) to avail benefits.

H. Digitalization Projects

1. Digital India was launched on 1 July 2015. Main Objective is to deliver Government services to citizens electronically by improving online infrastructure and by increasing Internet connectivity.

2. DigiLocker scheme was launched on 01 July 2015. Main Objective is to provide a secure dedicated personal electronic space for storing the documents of resident Indian citizens.

3. Digital Villages: Non-discriminatory access to e-Services to rural citizens by making the CSCs (Common Services Centres) complete service delivery centres, utilizing the backend infrastructure already created in terms of other MMPs. Empowering District e-Governance Society (DeGS) under District Administration for implementation. Creating and strengthening the institutional framework for the rollout and project management, thereby, supporting the State and District administrative machinery and handholding of the VLEs through local language Help Desk support.

4. Digidhan Vyapar Yojana (as under lucky grahak description)

5. BHIM App: Bharat Interface for Money (BHIM) provides fast, secure, reliable medium to make digital payments through your mobile phone using UPI (Unified Payment Interface) platform via Mobile App and USSD (Unstructured Supplementary Service Data) platform. BHIM has been designed for quick and secure user on-boarding, sports a best-in-class and intuitive user interface and makes digital transactions seamless. BHIM has been a huge boon for merchants who can now accept payments directly into their bank accounts.

6. DigiDhan Mela: Consists of Lucky GrahakYojana and the Digi-धन VyaparYojana

7. BHIM Referral Bonus Scheme & Cashback Scheme-This is to ensure that the culture of digital payments permeates down to the grassroots. Under the Referral bonus scheme both the existing user who refers BHIM and the new user who adopts BHIMwould get a cash bonus credited directly to their account. Under the Cashback scheme, the merchants will get a cash back on every transaction using BHIM. Both schemes are to be administered by MEITY and implemented by NPCI.

8. BHIM Aadhaar – Aadhar Payment App for Merchants- BHIM-Aadhaar, the merchant interface of the BHIM App, will pave the way for making digital payments by using the Aadhaar platform. Any Indian citizen can pay digitally using their biometric data like their thumb imprint on a merchants’ biometric-enabled device which could be smartphone having a biometric reader. Any citizen without access to smartphones, internet, debit or credit cards will be able to transact digitally through the BHIM Aadhaar platform.

9. Pradhan Mantri Gramin Digital Saksharta Abhiyan (PMGDSA) – The Union Cabinet approved 'Pradhan Mantri Gramin Digital SakshartaAbhiyan' (PMGDISHA) to make 6 crore rural households digitally literate.

I. Cultural Sector:

1. Bharat Ke Veer Portal- The portal is an IT-based platform, with an objective to enable willing donors to contribute towards the family of a braveheart who sacrificed his/her life in the line of duty. The amount so donated will be credited to the account of ‘Next of Kin’ of those Central Armed Police Force/Central Para Military Force soldiers.

2. National Tribal Carnival 2016, it was a tribal carnival that showcased the capabilities of the tribal communities. The underlying idea is to preserve and promote various facets of the tribal life relating to culture, tradition, customs and their skills and to expose it to the general public with a view to utilizing the potential for overall holistic development of the Scheduled Tribes.

3. Ek Bharat Shreshtha Bharat: The ‘Ek Bharat Shrestha Bharat’ programme, aims at actively enhancing interaction between people of diverse cultures living in different States and UTs in India, with the objective of promoting greater mutual understanding amongst them.

4. Rashtriya Sanskriti Mahotsava: To celebrate the idea of unity in diversity, the Ministry of Culture is organising the 7th edition of the RashtriyaSanskritiMahotsav under the Ek Bharat Shreshtha Bharat matrix in Karnataka beginning January 14, 2018. The Ek Bharat Shreshtha Bharat programme was launched by the Prime Minister on 31st October 2016 to promote engagement amongst the people of different states/UTs so as to enhance mutual understanding and bonding between people of diverse cultures, thereby securing stronger unity and integrity of India.

5. Gangajal Delivery Scheme launched by the Union Government is to make it possible for everyone to get access to Gangajal and it will be sent by India Post on demand to the homes of people.

6. Unnat Bharat Abhiyan is to enable higher education institutions to work with the people of rural India in identifying development challenges and evolving appropriate solutions for accelerating sustainable growth. It also aims at creating a virtuous cycle between society and an inclusive academic system by providing knowledge and practices for emerging professions and to upgrade the capabilities of both the public and the private sectors in responding to the development needs of rural India. (http://unnat.iitd.ac.in/index.php/Pages/display/introduction)

7. Swadesh Darshan Yojana was launched on 09 March 2015. Main Objective is to develop world-class tourism infrastructure.

8. PRASAD (Pilgrimage Rejuvenation and Spiritual Augmentation Drive) was launched on 09 March 2015. Main Objective is to develop world class tourism infrastructure in Amritsar, Ajmer, Amaravati, Dwaraka, Gaya, Kanchipuram, Kedarnath, Kamakhya, Mathura, Puri, Varanasi and Vellankani

9. National Heritage City Development and Augmentation Yojana (HRIDAY) was launched: 21 January 2015. Main Objective is to bring together urban planning, economic growth and heritage conservation in an inclusive manner to preserve the heritage character of each Heritage City.

J. Army: Defence Sector

1. One Rank One Pension (OROP) Scheme: Main Objective is to provide the same pension, for the same rank, for the same length of service, irrespective of the date of retirement.

K. Infrastructural Planning and Projects:

1. Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Gram Jyoti Yojana (DDUGJY) was launched on 25 July 2015.

Main Objective is to provide for Electric supply feeder separation (rural households & agricultural) and strengthening of sub-transmission & distribution infrastructure including metering at all levels in rural areas.

2. Sagarmala Project was launched on 31 July 2015. Main Objective is to transform the existing ports into modern world-class ports.

3. Setu Bharatam Project was launched on 03 March 2016.Main Objective is to free all national highways from railway level crossings and renovate the old bridges on national highways by 2019.

4. Clean My Coach Service Scheme on Indian railways is an online service that allows travellers to get their compartments cleaned by sending an SMS or by using an app or a designated website. This service is a part of Swachh Bharat Abhiyan and Digital India.

5. Gram Uday Se Bharat UdayAbhiyan, a week-long programme was organized between 14th April to 24th April 2016 to celebrate Dr BhimraoAmbedkar’s 125th Birth Anniversary.

6. Railway Travel Insurance Scheme, An Optional Travel Insurance Scheme on a pilot basis for one year has been launched on 01.09.2016 for the Railway passengers who book e-ticket through official website of Indian Railway Catering & Tourism Corporation (IRCTC).

7. PradhanMantri Surakshit Sadak Yojana: India’s roads — notorious for being the world’s deadliest — will soon become safer with the launch of the Pradhan Mantri Surakshit Sadak Yojana. The scheme, with initial funding of about Rs 2,000 crore, will eliminate dangerous spots on highways that are the sites of frequent accidents through better design and road engineering and will set up railings on hill roads running along deep gorges.

8. Right to Light Scheme: The Central Government of India introduced a new project which is known as “Right to Light” for the students of Uttar Pradesh Students. The main motive of this SarkariYojana is to make sure that every school in the state gets Solar Lights though students can also study at night. There are total five states in which the scheme has been initiated Bihar, Orissa, Jharkhand, and Assam including Uttar Pradesh, on the other hand, this scheme also been started in some other Eastern States of the nation. Under this scheme, the Govt provides the Solar Lamps on the street for School going students. This scheme has been launched by the PiyushGoyal’s Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE).

9. UDAN – Udey Desh ka Aam Nagrik: UDAN-RCS, UDAN (UdeDeshkaAamNaagrik) is a regional airport development and "Regional Connectivity Scheme" (RCS) of Government of India, with the objective of "Let the common citizen of the country fly", aimed at making air travel affordable and widespread, to boost inclusive national economic development, job growth and air transport infrastructure development of all regions and states of India.

10. Green Urban Transport Scheme (GUTS): the Green Urban Transport Scheme seeks to encourage growth of urban transport along low Carbon path for substantial and measurable reduction in pollution, provide a permanent and sustainable framework for funding urban mobility projects at National, State and City level with minimum recourse to budgetary support by encouraging innovative financing of projects.

11. Green Urban Mobility Scheme –The Green UrbanTransport Scheme seeks to encourage the growth of urban transport along low Carbon path for a substantial and measurable reduction in pollution, provide a permanent and sustainable framework for funding urban mobility projects at National, State and City level with minimum recourse to budgetary support by encouraging innovative financing of projects.

12. PradhanMantri Sahaj Bijli Har Ghar Yojana – Saubhagya- The Prime minister Shri Narendra Modi launched the scheme.

Yojana –“Saubhagya” to ensure electrification of all willing households in the country in rural as well as urban areas here today.In this context, he mentioned the Pradhan MantriSahajBijliHarGharYojana, which would provide power connections to all the estimated four crore households which currently did not have a power connection. The outlay for this scheme would be over Rs. 16000 crores.

13. Solar Energy Scheme for Powerloom Sector- The government has approved a new scheme to provide financial assistance/capital subsidy to small power loom units, for installation of Solar Photo Voltaic (SPV) plant, in order to alleviate the problem of power cut/ shortage faced by decentralized power loom units in the country. Under the Solar Energy Scheme, the plants have two options: (i) On-Grid Solar Power Plant where the power cut/shortage is negligible and power tariff is high (ii) Off-Grid Solar Power Plant in areas where there are power shortage and grid power is not continuously available.

L. Sports Field

1. National Sports Talent Search Scheme (NSTSS) was launched on 20 February 2015.Main Objective is to identify sporting talent among students in the age group of 8–12 years.

M. Rural Development Sector

1. Pradhan Mantri Gram Parivahan Yojana (PMGPY) –The main objective of Pradhan Mantri Gram ParivahanYojana is to connect rural areas with roads and roads for transportation and other uses. These are the new plans of a central government, which have been named “Prime Minister Gram Transportation Scheme”. One of the essential steps for road and transport development.

2. Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana – Gramin (Renamed from Indira AwasYojana): The erstwhile scheme of IAY has been restructured into Pradhan MantriAwaasYojana-Gramin (PMAY-G) with effect from 1st April 2016 and is in line with the Government’s commitment of providing ‘Housing for All by 2022’ with improved scheme architecture and robust delivery and monitoring mechanism.

3. Rashtriya Gram Swaraj Abhiyan: Main Objective: To help Panchayat Raj Institutions deliver Sustainable Development Goals.

N. National Security Field

1. Fugitive Economic Offenders Act 2018 – A legislative initiative. The bill was introduced in the Lok Sabha on 11th March 2018, which aims at confiscating the properties of fugitive defaulters, declared by the courts and who escaped from the country abroad – defaulting over Rs.100 crore from the banking institutions.

2. The Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) is a statutory authority established under the provisions of the Aadhaar (Targeted Delivery of Financial and Other Subsidies, Benefits and Services) Act, 2016 (“Aadhaar Act 2016”) on 12 July 2016 by the Government of India, under the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY). The Act also aims at preventing terrorist, fugitives, etc. from undertaking anti-national activities.

3. Enemy Property Law 2017- Legislative initiative – Parliamentary Approval Done - The amendments through the Ordinance include that once an enemy property is vested in the Custodian, it shall continue to be vested in him as enemy property irrespective of whether the enemy, enemy subject or enemy firm has ceased to be an enemy due to reasons such as death etc; that law of succession does not apply to enemy property; that there cannot be transfer of any property vested in the Custodian by an enemy or enemy subject or enemy firm and that the Custodian shall preserve the enemy property till it is disposed of in accordance with the provisions of the Act

O. Educational Sector

1. Udaan Scheme was launched on 14 November 2014. Main Objective is to encourage girls for higher technical education and aims at providing a platform that empowers girl students and provides them with better learning opportunities.

P. Economic Banking Sector

1. Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana (PMJDY) was launched on 28 August 2014. Main Objective is to arrange for financial inclusion and access to financial services for all households in the country

2. Vidyalakshmi Loan Scheme, Vidya Lakshmi is a first of its kind portal for students seeking Education Loan. This portal has been developed under the guidance of Department of Financial Services, (Ministry of Finance), Department of Higher Education (Ministry of Human Resource Development) and Indian Banks Association (IBA).The portal has been developed and is maintained by NSDL e-Governance Infrastructure Limited. Students can view, apply and track the education loan applications to banks anytime, anywhere by accessing the portal. The portal also provides linkages to National Scholarship Portal.

3. Start-Up India Scheme for Women Entrepreneurs

4. MUDRA Loan Scheme for Small and Marginal Fisherman- The Mudra Loan Scheme will allow small-scale fishermen to get loans for new boats. This is to help them get modernized boats so it will be easier for them to complete their jobs as needed. As a result, such fishermen can make their businesses a little stronger and more efficient.

5. PMAY Loan Scheme Under CLSS for MIG- was launched on the 31st of December, 2017, last year and made applicable the Credit-Linked Subsidy Scheme (CLSS) under PMAY(Urban) to MIG, till the end of December this year. Under CLSS, MIG beneficiaries with annual income of above Rs.6.00 lakhs and up to Rs.12.00 lakhs would get an interest subsidy of 4.00% on a 20-year loan component of Rs.9.00 lakhs. Those with annual income exceeding Rs.12.00 lakhs and up to Rs.18.00 lakhs would get an interest subsidy of 3.00%. The Government’s commitment to meet the Housing for All targets in urban areas by 2022 and urged private investors to invest in affordable housing, being promoted by the Government in a big way with several incentives and concessions.

Q. Economic: Industrial Growth

1. Pradhan Mantri MUDRA Yojana (PMMY) was launched on 8 April 2015.Main Objective is to provide financial support for the growth of micro-enterprises sector.

2. Make in India was launched on 25 September 2014. Main Objective is to encourage multi-national, as well as domestic companies to manufacture their products in India and create jobs and skill enhancement in 25 sectors.

3. ‘Startup India, Standup India’ was launched on 16 January 2016. Main Objective is to provide support to all start-up businesses in all aspects of doing business in India.

R. Social Welfare Projects

1. Atal Pension Yojana (APY) was launched: 9 May 2015. Main Objective is to cover a number of needy people under the pension scheme.

2. The PradhanMantri Surakshit Matritva Abhiyan was launched by the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare (MoHFW), Government of India in 2016. The program aims at providing assured, comprehensive and quality antenatal care, free of cost, universally to all pregnant women on the 9th of every month.

3. Varishtha Pension BimaYojana 2017 – The scheme is implemented through Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC) during the current financial year to provide social security during old age and protect elderly persons aged 60 years and above against a future fall in their interest income due to uncertain market conditions.

4. Rashtriya Vayoshri Yojana- The Scheme aims at providing Senior Citizens, belonging to BPL category and suffering from any of the age-related disability/infirmity viz. Low vision, Hearing impairment, Loss of teeth and Locomotor disability, with such assisted- living devices which can restore near normalcy in their bodily functions, overcoming the disability/infirmity manifested. The assistive devices shall be of high quality and conform to the standards laid down by the Bureau of Indian Standards, wherever applicable. This is a Central Sector Scheme, fully funded by the Central Government.

5. PradhanMantri Vaya Vandana Yojana (PMVVY)- Government launched the‘Pradhan MantriVayaVandanaYojana (PMVVY)’ to provide social security during old age and to protect elderly persons aged 60 and above against a future fall in their interest income due to uncertain market conditions. The scheme enables old age income security for senior citizens through the provision of assured pension/return linked to the subscription amount based on a government guarantee to Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC).

S. Planning Process:

1. The National Institution for Transforming India (NITI AAYOG) was constituted on 1 January 2015 substituting the erstwhile statutory body i.e., the Planning Commission.Main Objective is to foster involvement and participation in the economic policy-making process by the Union and the State Governments in India.

(Link to the above:-https://www.sarkariyojna.co.in/complete-list-schemes-launched-pm-narendra-modi/)

The socio-cultural analysis of the new planning process: It is interesting to note that each of the above-mentioned scheme or a project has been a very careful study and consideration and a well thought out design by the Prime Minister himself and the Minister concerned too. In other words, the political leadership in the policy formulation was closely associated with and was required to lead from the front keeping the Party line in mind, while finalising the scheme. The B.J. Party line, well entrenched in the socio-cultural dimensions of the Indian society has always aimed at socialising the Indian polity. The Party draws its strength from the indigenous pillars of the Indian icons and history.