New Delhi, Jan 4: United Nations is observing the first official “World Braille Day”, on 4 January 2019.
To Raise Awareness of the importance of Braille, UN took this initiative. In the world today, approximately 1.3 billion people living with some form of distance or near vision impairment.
The day is marked remembering the birth anniversary of Louis Braille, the inventor of Braille script, for the people with visual disabilities.
Recognized from now, each 4 January, the Day was announced by the General Assembly last November, as a means of realizing fully the human rights of visually-impaired and partially-sighted people, and bringing written language to the lead as a critical qualification for promoting fundamental freedoms.
Braille is a tactile representation of alphabetic and numerical symbols using six dots to represent each letter and number, and even musical, mathematical and scientific symbols. Braille (named after its inventor in 19th century France, Louis Braille) is used by blind and partially sighted people to read the same books and periodicals as those printed in a visual font. Use of braille allows the communication of important information to and from individuals who are blind or partially sighted, ensuring competency, independence, and equality.
The World Health Organization (WHO) stated that people who are visually impaired are more likely than those with full sight to experience higher rates of poverty and disadvantages which can amount to a lifetime of inequality.
The Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities adopted in 2006, it has further advanced the rights and well-being of persons with disabilities in the implementation of the “2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development”.
Braille is a means of communication for blind persons, as reflected in article 2 of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and is essential in the context of education, freedom of expression and opinion, and access to information and written communication, as well as for the social inclusion of blind persons, as reflected in articles 21 and 24 of the Convention.
For adaption of accessible and disability-inclusive societies, the UN introduced its first ever flagship report on disability and development last year, coinciding with the International Day of Persons with Disabilities.
On this initiative, Secretary-General Antonio Guterres Advised International Community to take part in filling inclusion gaps. He stated, “Let us reaffirm our commitment to work together for an inclusive and equitable world, where the rights of people with disabilities are fully realized.”
Around the world, 39 million people are blind, and another 253 million have some sort of vision impairment. For them, Braille provides a tactical representation of alphabetic and numerical symbols so blind and partially-sighted people are able to read the same books and periodicals printed as are available in standard text form.