The DNA Technology (Use and Application) Regulation Bill was introduced by Science and Technology Minister Harsh Vardhan in the Lower House, even as the Congress demanded that the bill is sent to the Standing Committee citing privacy concerns.
"The issue of privacy, confidentiality and data protection has been taken care of very meticulously," the Minister said, adding the DNA profile will be stored only after obtaining consent except that of convicts and relatives of missing persons.
Minister said that the bill would ensure that laboratories for DNA profiling are accredited and regulated and DNA data bank is set up. This technology is being used by more than 60 countries.
Including US, UK, Finland, Bangladesh etc. He said DNA profiling through fingerprinting is currently happening in the country but the number of experts and laboratories are inadequate compared to the demand.
This provides regulation of DNA technology to identify the individuals under certain circumstances.
What is the need for this technology?
1. DNA is a set of instructions which all living organism have which are received from its parents. Apart from identical twins, DNA is unique to each individual. Because of its uniqueness, DNA based technology can be used in identification in a different context.
In criminal investigation DNA technology can be used to identify offender by comparing DNA found at the crime scene with the DNA of the suspect for possible matches.
2. In civil cases such as cyclones and Air crash etc.
How is this technology going to in Use?
DNA data bank will be established on the national and regional level.
5 indices will maintain for DNA data stored. Some of these indices are to do the investigation of crime and would include DNA of individuals such as suspects, offenders, victims or objects found in a crime scene.
Apart from this technology can be used in search of missing persons. Identification of diseased person. This might be used in a large disaster.
For an implementation of this technology Blood or other body, samples can be collected by the Police with the written consent of the individual is required except for the individual arrested for the crime that carries more than 7 years of jail.
DNA regulatory board will be created to regulate this data bank.