New Delhi, Jun 18: India has very versatile diaspora spreading across the globe. America is a dream for the world as well as Indians. Now America has a demographic feature which named itself as Indian Americans.
Fascinatingly, as per South Asian advocacy group’s demographic report, The population of Indian-origin people in America grew by 38% in seven years between 2010 and 2017.
SAALT said, “there has been a rise in the number of South Asians seeking asylum in the US over the last 10 years. The US Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) has detained 3,013 South Asians since 2017. US Customs and Border Patrol arrested 17,119 South Asians between October 2014 and April 2018 through border and interior enforcement”.
As per the report, In 2017, the population of Indian-Americans with multiple ethnicities was recorded as 44,02,363, up 38.3% from 31,83,063 in 2010, the South Asian Americans Leading Together.
Here are some interesting facts put forth by SAALT study-
- There are at least 630,000 Indians who are undocumented, a 72% increase since 2010
- The increase in illegal Indian-Americans can be attributed to Indian immigrants overstaying visas.
- Nearly 250,000 Indians overstayed their visa in 2016, therefore, becoming undocumented.
- In general, the population of American residents tracing their roots to South Asia grew by 40%. In real terms, it increased from 3.5 million in 2010 to 5.4 million in 2017.
- The Nepali community grew by 206.6% since 2010, followed by Indian (38%), Bhutanese (38%), Pakistani (33%), Bangladeshi (26%) and Sri Lankan populations (15%).
- There are currently at least 4,300 active South Asian Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) recipients. As of August 2018, there are approximately 2,550 active Indian DACA recipients.
- Only 13% of the overall 20,000 DACA eligible Indians have applied and received DACA.
- The immigrant population density of the country shows that undocumented Bangladeshi immigrants live in New York (19,000); Michigan (4,000); Virginia (3,000); and California (2,000).
- According to the report, income inequality has been reported to be the greatest among Asian Americans.
- Nearly 1% of the approximately five million South Asians in the US live in poverty.
- Among South Asian Americans, Pakistanis (15.8 %), Nepalis (23.9%), Bangladeshis (24.2%), and Bhutanese (33.3%) had the highest poverty rates, it said.
According to SAALT, since 1997, more than 1.7 million dependent spouses of H-1B visa holders have received H-4 visas.
The report stated, In 2017, 136,000 individuals received H-4 status. Nearly 86% of H-4 visa holders are from South Asian countries. In 2015, DHS granted work authorization to certain H-4 visa holders. As of December 2017, approximately 127,000 visa holders were approved for H-4 EAD.
The report said, In the lead up to the 2020 elections, South Asians are becoming an increasingly powerful segment of the American electorate.
According to the Current Population Survey (CPS), 49.9% of voting-age, Asian American citizens cast a ballot in 2016.
The number of Asian American voters in the last decade has nearly doubled from about two million voters in 2001 to 5 million voters in 2016.
Of these, Indians account for more than 1.5 million, followed by Pakistanis (222,252) and Bangladeshi (69,825).