New Delhi, Aug. 10: The Health Ministry has drawn an ambitious plan under the 100-days agenda of the newly elected government, wherein it has been decided to provide Rotavirus vaccine to every child across all 36 states and UTs by September 2019.” This was stated by Dr. Harsh Vardhan, Union Minister of Health and Family Welfare while speaking on the expansion of Rotavirus vaccine to the entire country.
The Union Health Minister further added that under the inspirational leadership of our beloved PM Narendra Modi Ji, the Government is committed to ending morbidity and mortality in children due to diarrhea by 2022.
Rotavirus vaccine is now available in 28 States/UTs, namely, Andhra Pradesh, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jharkhand, Odisha, Assam, Tripura, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Manipur, Daman & Diu, Gujarat, Bihar, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Maharashtra, Dadra & Nagar Haveli, Goa, Chandigarh, Nagaland, Delhi, Mizoram, Punjab, Uttarakhand, and Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
Strengthening routine immunization is an essential investment in India’s children and will ensure a healthy future of the country, he stressed.
Dr. Harsh Vardhan further said, "Diarrhoea is one of the biggest killers in children and Rotavirus is one of the most common causes of severe diarrhea in children less than 2 years of age".
“Rotavirus vaccine along with proper sanitation, handwashing practices, ORS and zinc supplementation will go a long way in reducing the mortality and morbidity due to diarrhea in children,” he mentioned.
The Union Health Minister further added that the Government is also committed to increasing the full immunization coverage and ensuring that the benefit of the life-saving vaccines is provided to every child.
Dr. Harsh Vardhan stated, no child in the country should die from Vaccine-Preventable Diseases and it is the ‘Goal and Commitment of our government’. We stand committed to reducing child deaths and provide a healthier future for our children and the expansion of the Rotavirus vaccine under UIP is a step in that direction.
In India, every year 37 out of every 1000 children born are unable to celebrate their 5th birthday, and one of the major reasons for this is diarrheal deaths. Out of all the causes of diarrhea, rotavirus is a leading cause of diarrhea in children less than 5 years of age.
It is estimated that rotavirus cause 8,72,000 hospitalizations; 32,70,000 outpatient visits and estimated 78,000 deaths annually in India.
Rotavirus diarrhea presents in a similar manner as any other diarrhea but can mainly be prevented through rotavirus vaccination. Other diarrhea can be prevented through general measures like good hygiene, frequent hand washing, safe water, and safe food consumption, exclusive breastfeeding and vitamin A supplementation.
Keeping in view the burden of disease which can be prevented through vaccination, National Technical Advisory Group on Immunization (NTAGI), an expert committee, recommended the introduction of rotavirus vaccine (RVV) in the Universal Immunization Programme (UIP). Three doses of rotavirus vaccine are provided along with other vaccines, free of cost under UIP at one and a half month, two and a half month, and three and a half months of age of the child.
Rotavirus vaccine was introduced in 2016 in a phased manner, beginning with 4 states initially and later expanded to 7 more states making it a total of 11 states by end of 2018, where Rotavirus vaccine was available in the country. At present, the vaccine has been further expanded to 17 more states until now.
The vaccine is expected to be available in all 36 States/UTs by September 2019.