6 Lesser Known Micronutrients in Diet
Here let’s see which are those 6 micronutrients we know very little about and they have very crucial role to play in our body
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While all of us are busy running to get lemons, sun, and zinc supplements there are these 6 micronutrients that we forget or don’t even know exist. The list of micronutrients doesn’t end at vitamin C, D or Zinc it’s quite long and all are equally vital for your health. But here let’s see which are those 6 micronutrients we know very little about and they have a very crucial role to play in our body.
- Vitamin K: Main functions of Vit. K are to maintain a healthy blood clotting system and maintain bone health. It also prevents tooth decay. Though deficiency is rare if happens then bone density is reduced and bleeding doesn’t stop easily because this vitamin works for blood clotting. This is present in green leafy vegetables.
- Magnesium: This is a very busy nutrient. It participates in more than 300 chemical reactions in the body. Mainly it works on your neuro-muscular system, bone health, and muscular contraction. Deficiency can lead to disorientation, confusion, low bone density, hypertension, etc. It is present in nuts, oilseeds, legumes, milk, and dark green leafy vegetables.
- Chromium: It aids in insulin action and works for fats and carbohydrate metabolism. It is required for growth in children and also works for some brain functions. Foods rich in chromium are nuts, pulses, black pepper, raisins, and dairy products. Deficiency affects insulin action.
- Selenium: It is a very powerful antioxidant. It protects your RBCs and WBCs. Also, it works for skeletal and heart muscles, eyes, skin, and hair. Seafood, liver meat, and cereals are the richest sources of Selenium. Deficiency is common in hilly regions and can lead to goiter.
- Vitamin A: It has got many functions in the body but mainly it works as an antioxidant, works for vision especially night vision, plays an important role in reproduction, and maintains cell health. It is present in both plant and animal-based foods but a form of Vitamin A present in animal sources is easily absorbed by the body. The richest sources are dill leaves, colocasia, mango, carrot, and meat. Deficiency may lead to night blindness and growth retardation.
- Phosphorus: It works in energy production, bone mineralization, and acid balance. Phosphorus should always be taken with calcium if not then it leads to toxicity. Deficiency is very rare as it is available in many food sources like dairy, eggs, meat, fish, nuts, legumes, etc. High consumption of cola drinks is also a reason for high phosphorus levels.