New Delhi, December 6: 46 countries located between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn that get maximum amount of solar energy congregated to cultivate the uses of solar energy. India’s brainchild International Solar Alliance (ISA) today has shaped into a treaty based organization. To spread the message of importance of Universe’s boon solar energy, India took this initiative to create a group of “Suryaputra Rashtras” (countries which receives plenty of solar energy)
Absence of universal energy access, energy equity and affordability are issues common to most of the solar resource rich countries. International Solar Alliance (ISA) is conceived as a coalition of solar resource rich countries to address their special energy needs and will provide a platform to collaborate on addressing the identified gaps through a common, agreed approach.
The ISA is an Indian initiative, jointly launched by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi and the president of France on November 30 2015 in Paris, on the sidelines of COP-21, the UN climate conference. It aims at addressing obstacles to deployment at a scale of solar energy through better harmonization and aggregation of demand from solar rich countries lying fully or partially between the tropics of Cancer and Capricorn.
The ISA is an effort to ensure that as these countries increase their electricity production, they should predominantly use solar energy and avoid fossil fuels. It seeks to boost global demand, which will result in further reduction in the prices of solar energy deployment. It seeks to boost research and development, particularly in areas of efficient storage systems. The ISA aims to develop cost-efficient solar technologies and applications. It seeks to promote standardization in the use of equipment and processes for generating electricity. Standardization will make the manufacturing of equipment and other hardware cheaper.
With the deployment solar revolution on the rise and the sharp drop in the costs of production of electricity through solar cells, the costs have come down by 80%- 85% over the last 4 years, due to a rapidly growing demand. India has offered to meet the ISA secretariat expenses for initial five years.