Washington, February 7: India on Tuesday lambasted the United Nations Security Council's veto-wielding members including China for protecting Jaish-e-Mohammed (JeM) leader Masood Azhar from designating him the global terrorist without giving any explanation.
India's Permanent Representative to the UN Syed Akbaruddin criticised the UN Security Council's veto-wielding members for obstructing the designation of terrorists without giving any explanation, apparently hitting out at China for repeatedly blocking its bid to list Pakistan-based Masood Azhar as a global terrorist.
While participating in an open debate of the Security Council on its working methods, top Indian diplomat Syed Akbaruddin said, "Most of the time, one does not even know which countries have exercised their veto."Veto power being used by members of the Security Council to block the designation of several terrorists without giving any explanation because of its narrow political and strategic concerns,” he added.
The top Indian diplomat without naming any country said, “There are 14 such Sanctions Committees established under various resolutions of the Security Council. These Committees, drawing their delegated authority from the Council, perform the functions of the Council in terms of designation of individuals, entities and undertakings deemed as threats to international peace and security.”
“For example, in practical terms, decisions of these Sanctions Committees can be placed on hold or blocked by any of the 15 Members of these Committees. While decision making on Security Council Resolutions is based on clearly defined thresholds provided for in the Charter and the Provisional Rules of Procedure, in case of the subterranean universe, each and every one of you have an effective veto on decision making,” he added.
Akbaruddin also noted that What is worse is that none, except the members of this “subterranean” universe, are aware of the use of a veto while deciding on a reference made to any of the Sanctions Committees. Such is the effective impact of this “anonymous” veto that a proposal that has been blocked is not even made public. Also, no rationale is provided for such “anonymous” vetoing of a submission. Unlike in the Security Council, where vetoes are cast in public meetings and explanations made publicly, in the “subterranean” universe, no such practice exists. In fact, the principles of anonymity and unanimity reign in this “subterranean universe”.
"The challenges related to the working methods of the sanctions committees were not merely related to transparency and accountability and in that context, a case existed for the Council to address the anomalies in the committees working methods," Akbaruddin added.
The anomalies not only affected the efficiency and credibility of the work of the Council but also impacted the larger membership that was required to implement its decisions, he said. "It is in this spirit that my country along with so many others have called for the reform of the Security Council," Akbaruddin concluded.
However, it is well known that China in the past has used its veto power when it came to designating terrorists or extremist groups having links with the Pakistani establishment, though Indian diplomat did not mention the name of any country.
Importantly, China, which is a veto-wielding permanent member of the UN Security Council has repeatedly blocked India's move at the UN to designate Azhar a terrorist under the Al-Qaeda Sanctions Committee of the UN Security Council. Azhar is the mastermind of last year's attack on the Pathankot air force base.